Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene/maleated polypropylene blends

Pentti Järvelä, Shucai Li, Pirkko Järvelä

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamic mechanical properties of both homopolypropylene (PPVC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) and ethylene‐propylene block copolymer (PPSC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) blends have been studied by using a dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer (PL‐DMTA MKII) over a wide temperature range, covering a frequency zone from 0.3 to 30 Hz. With increasing content of PP‐g‐MA, α relaxation of both blends gradually shift to a lower temperature and the apparent activation energy ΔEα increases. In PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends, β relaxation shifts to a higher temperature as the content of PP‐g‐MA increases from 0 to 20 wt % and then change unobviously for further varying content of PP‐g‐MA from 20 to 35 wt %. On the contrary, in the PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends β1 relaxation, the apparent activation energy ΔEβ1 and β2 relaxation are almost unchanged with blend composition, while ΔEβ2 increases with an increase of PP‐g‐MA content. In the composition range studied, storage modulus É value for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends decreases progressively between β2 and α relaxation with increasing temperature, but in the region the increment for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends is independent of temperature. The flexural properties of PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blend show more obvious improvement on PP than one of PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends. Scanning electron micrographs of fracture surfaces of the blends clearly demonstrate two‐phase morphology, viz. the discrete particles homogeneously disperse in the continous phase, the main difference in the morphology between both blends is that the interaction between the particles and the continuous phase is stronger for for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA than for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blend. By the correlation of the morphology with dynamic and mechanical properties of the blends, the variation of the relaxation behavior and mechanical properties with the componenet structure, blend composition, vibration frequency, and as well as the features observed in these variation are reasonably interpreted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-826
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Polypropylenes
Mechanical properties
Temperature
Activation energy
Chemical analysis
Block copolymers
Elastic moduli
Scanning
Electrons

Cite this

Järvelä, Pentti ; Li, Shucai ; Järvelä, Pirkko. / Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene/maleated polypropylene blends. In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 1996 ; Vol. 62, No. 5. pp. 813-826.
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title = "Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene/maleated polypropylene blends",
abstract = "The dynamic mechanical properties of both homopolypropylene (PPVC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) and ethylene‐propylene block copolymer (PPSC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) blends have been studied by using a dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer (PL‐DMTA MKII) over a wide temperature range, covering a frequency zone from 0.3 to 30 Hz. With increasing content of PP‐g‐MA, α relaxation of both blends gradually shift to a lower temperature and the apparent activation energy ΔEα increases. In PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends, β relaxation shifts to a higher temperature as the content of PP‐g‐MA increases from 0 to 20 wt {\%} and then change unobviously for further varying content of PP‐g‐MA from 20 to 35 wt {\%}. On the contrary, in the PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends β1 relaxation, the apparent activation energy ΔEβ1 and β2 relaxation are almost unchanged with blend composition, while ΔEβ2 increases with an increase of PP‐g‐MA content. In the composition range studied, storage modulus {\'E} value for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends decreases progressively between β2 and α relaxation with increasing temperature, but in the region the increment for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends is independent of temperature. The flexural properties of PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blend show more obvious improvement on PP than one of PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends. Scanning electron micrographs of fracture surfaces of the blends clearly demonstrate two‐phase morphology, viz. the discrete particles homogeneously disperse in the continous phase, the main difference in the morphology between both blends is that the interaction between the particles and the continuous phase is stronger for for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA than for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blend. By the correlation of the morphology with dynamic and mechanical properties of the blends, the variation of the relaxation behavior and mechanical properties with the componenet structure, blend composition, vibration frequency, and as well as the features observed in these variation are reasonably interpreted.",
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Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene/maleated polypropylene blends. / Järvelä, Pentti; Li, Shucai; Järvelä, Pirkko.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 62, No. 5, 1996, p. 813-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic mechanical properties and morphology of polypropylene/maleated polypropylene blends

AU - Järvelä, Pentti

AU - Li, Shucai

AU - Järvelä, Pirkko

N1 - Project code: K5SU00194

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The dynamic mechanical properties of both homopolypropylene (PPVC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) and ethylene‐propylene block copolymer (PPSC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) blends have been studied by using a dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer (PL‐DMTA MKII) over a wide temperature range, covering a frequency zone from 0.3 to 30 Hz. With increasing content of PP‐g‐MA, α relaxation of both blends gradually shift to a lower temperature and the apparent activation energy ΔEα increases. In PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends, β relaxation shifts to a higher temperature as the content of PP‐g‐MA increases from 0 to 20 wt % and then change unobviously for further varying content of PP‐g‐MA from 20 to 35 wt %. On the contrary, in the PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends β1 relaxation, the apparent activation energy ΔEβ1 and β2 relaxation are almost unchanged with blend composition, while ΔEβ2 increases with an increase of PP‐g‐MA content. In the composition range studied, storage modulus É value for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends decreases progressively between β2 and α relaxation with increasing temperature, but in the region the increment for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends is independent of temperature. The flexural properties of PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blend show more obvious improvement on PP than one of PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends. Scanning electron micrographs of fracture surfaces of the blends clearly demonstrate two‐phase morphology, viz. the discrete particles homogeneously disperse in the continous phase, the main difference in the morphology between both blends is that the interaction between the particles and the continuous phase is stronger for for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA than for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blend. By the correlation of the morphology with dynamic and mechanical properties of the blends, the variation of the relaxation behavior and mechanical properties with the componenet structure, blend composition, vibration frequency, and as well as the features observed in these variation are reasonably interpreted.

AB - The dynamic mechanical properties of both homopolypropylene (PPVC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) and ethylene‐propylene block copolymer (PPSC)/Maleated Poly‐propylene (PP‐g‐MA) blends have been studied by using a dynamic mechanical thermal analyzer (PL‐DMTA MKII) over a wide temperature range, covering a frequency zone from 0.3 to 30 Hz. With increasing content of PP‐g‐MA, α relaxation of both blends gradually shift to a lower temperature and the apparent activation energy ΔEα increases. In PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends, β relaxation shifts to a higher temperature as the content of PP‐g‐MA increases from 0 to 20 wt % and then change unobviously for further varying content of PP‐g‐MA from 20 to 35 wt %. On the contrary, in the PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends β1 relaxation, the apparent activation energy ΔEβ1 and β2 relaxation are almost unchanged with blend composition, while ΔEβ2 increases with an increase of PP‐g‐MA content. In the composition range studied, storage modulus É value for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends decreases progressively between β2 and α relaxation with increasing temperature, but in the region the increment for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blends is independent of temperature. The flexural properties of PPVC/PP‐g‐MA blend show more obvious improvement on PP than one of PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blends. Scanning electron micrographs of fracture surfaces of the blends clearly demonstrate two‐phase morphology, viz. the discrete particles homogeneously disperse in the continous phase, the main difference in the morphology between both blends is that the interaction between the particles and the continuous phase is stronger for for PPVC/PP‐g‐MA than for PPSC/PP‐g‐MA blend. By the correlation of the morphology with dynamic and mechanical properties of the blends, the variation of the relaxation behavior and mechanical properties with the componenet structure, blend composition, vibration frequency, and as well as the features observed in these variation are reasonably interpreted.

U2 - 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19961031)62:5<813::AID-APP14>3.0.CO;2-T

DO - 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4628(19961031)62:5<813::AID-APP14>3.0.CO;2-T

M3 - Article

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