Dynamic process simulation promotes energy efficient ship design

Vesa Lepistö, Jari Lappalainen, Kari Sillanpää, Pekka Ahtila

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Energy efficiency has become increasingly important to ship owners and builders, due to fuel costs and tightening environmental regulations, but also due to public opinion and expectation for green technology. Improved energy efficiency and significant savings are achievable by increasing waste heat utilization. A probable side effect of commissioning new technology is increased system complexity. This makes it more difficult to make design decisions between alternative technologies; also, the operation of the system needs more attention. Dynamic system level simulation has been used for energy systems analysis already for decades in onshore energy industry; now it is increasingly applied in marine engineering. In this study a commercial simulator Apros was used to model and simulate energy systems of a cruise ferry Viking Grace, which features novel energy saving solutions, such as a waste heat accumulator system and cooling options by liquefied natural gas (LNG) vaporizing, and by seawater. Dynamic models of these systems were developed and validated against available measurement data. The study showed that modelling and dynamic system level simulation can provide substantial benefits in the design of energy efficient ship in new buildings, and in existing ships.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-55
    JournalOcean Engineering
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • dynamic simulation
    • energy efficiency
    • heat accumulator
    • LNG cold recovery
    • modelling
    • passenger ship


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