Dynamic simulation of the circulating fluidized bed loop performance under the various operating conditions

Seongil Kim, Sangmin Choi (Corresponding Author), Jari Lappalainen, Tae Ho Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In a circulating fluidized bed boiler, the large thermal mass and flow characteristics of the solids strongly affect the transient response of the circulating fluidized bed loop temperature, which determines the heat transfer rate to steam flow. Therefore, it is essential to interpret the dynamic response of the solid behavior in the circulating fluidized bed loop for the stable and efficient operation of the circulating fluidized bed boiler. In this study, the dynamic simulation of the solid behavior along with the flue gas flow in a circulating fluidized bed loop was performed by applying the core-annulus approach for the solid-gas flow inside the furnace and selected models for other physical phenomena of the fluidized bed. The circulating fluidized bed loop of a commercial boiler was selected as the target system. Especially, the model simulates the characteristics of the solid behavior, such as the local solid mass distribution, and the solid flow inside the furnace and the circulating solid according to the various operating conditions. These aspects are difficult to measure and quantify in a real power plant. In this paper, the simulated furnace temperature behavior as the representative performance parameter of the circulating fluidized bed loop was discussed along with the qualitative operation experiences reported in the literature. The operating conditions include the feed rate of fuel and air, the particle size, the solid inventory and the solid circulation rate. Furnace temperature behavior was reproduced through the simulation for each operating case in the literature and was analyzed with the solid behavior along with the combustion rate and heat transfer rate of the circulating fluidized bed loop. The simulation enables quantitative evaluation of the effect of the solid behavior on the temperatures of the furnace and return part in the various operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-913
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed



  • CFB furnace temperature
  • circulating fluidized bed loop
  • Dynamic simulation
  • solid flow behavior

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