EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test

Hannu Hänninen, Aki Toivonen, Tapio Saukkonen, Anssi Brederholm, Pertti Aaltonen, Ulla Ehrnstén

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors
PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society ANS
Pages333-344
Volume1
ISBN (Print)978-161738853-8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Virginia Beach, United States
Duration: 23 Aug 200927 Aug 2009

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems
CountryUnited States
CityVirginia Beach
Period23/08/0927/08/09

Fingerprint

Dissimilar metals
Crack initiation
Welds
Steam
Strain rate
Austenitic stainless steel
Creep
Grain boundaries
Grain boundary sliding
Stress measurement
Dislocations (crystals)
Crack tips
Crack propagation
Residual stresses
Hardness
Transmission electron microscopy
Microstructure
Scanning electron microscopy

Cite this

Hänninen, H., Toivonen, A., Saukkonen, T., Brederholm, A., Aaltonen, P., & Ehrnstén, U. (2009). EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors (Vol. 1, pp. 333-344). American Nuclear Society ANS.
Hänninen, Hannu ; Toivonen, Aki ; Saukkonen, Tapio ; Brederholm, Anssi ; Aaltonen, Pertti ; Ehrnstén, Ulla. / EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1 American Nuclear Society ANS, 2009. pp. 333-344
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abstract = "Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.",
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Hänninen, H, Toivonen, A, Saukkonen, T, Brederholm, A, Aaltonen, P & Ehrnstén, U 2009, EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. vol. 1, American Nuclear Society ANS, pp. 333-344, 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems, Virginia Beach, United States, 23/08/09.

EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. / Hänninen, Hannu; Toivonen, Aki; Saukkonen, Tapio; Brederholm, Anssi; Aaltonen, Pertti; Ehrnstén, Ulla.

Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1 American Nuclear Society ANS, 2009. p. 333-344.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test

AU - Hänninen, Hannu

AU - Toivonen, Aki

AU - Saukkonen, Tapio

AU - Brederholm, Anssi

AU - Aaltonen, Pertti

AU - Ehrnstén, Ulla

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.

AB - Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-161738853-8

VL - 1

SP - 333

EP - 344

BT - Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors

PB - American Nuclear Society ANS

ER -

Hänninen H, Toivonen A, Saukkonen T, Brederholm A, Aaltonen P, Ehrnstén U. EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1. American Nuclear Society ANS. 2009. p. 333-344