EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test

Hannu Hänninen, Aki Toivonen, Tapio Saukkonen, Anssi Brederholm, Pertti Aaltonen, Ulla Ehrnstén

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors
    PublisherAmerican Nuclear Society ANS
    Pages333-344
    Volume1
    ISBN (Print)978-161738853-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Virginia Beach, United States
    Duration: 23 Aug 200927 Aug 2009

    Conference

    Conference14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems
    CountryUnited States
    CityVirginia Beach
    Period23/08/0927/08/09

    Fingerprint

    Dissimilar metals
    Crack initiation
    Welds
    Steam
    Strain rate
    Austenitic stainless steel
    Creep
    Grain boundaries
    Grain boundary sliding
    Stress measurement
    Dislocations (crystals)
    Crack tips
    Crack propagation
    Residual stresses
    Hardness
    Transmission electron microscopy
    Microstructure
    Scanning electron microscopy

    Cite this

    Hänninen, H., Toivonen, A., Saukkonen, T., Brederholm, A., Aaltonen, P., & Ehrnstén, U. (2009). EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors (Vol. 1, pp. 333-344). American Nuclear Society ANS.
    Hänninen, Hannu ; Toivonen, Aki ; Saukkonen, Tapio ; Brederholm, Anssi ; Aaltonen, Pertti ; Ehrnstén, Ulla. / EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1 American Nuclear Society ANS, 2009. pp. 333-344
    @inproceedings{f3565a7b45994c56b59f69342efc4caf,
    title = "EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test",
    abstract = "Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.",
    author = "Hannu H{\"a}nninen and Aki Toivonen and Tapio Saukkonen and Anssi Brederholm and Pertti Aaltonen and Ulla Ehrnst{\'e}n",
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    Hänninen, H, Toivonen, A, Saukkonen, T, Brederholm, A, Aaltonen, P & Ehrnstén, U 2009, EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. vol. 1, American Nuclear Society ANS, pp. 333-344, 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems, Virginia Beach, United States, 23/08/09.

    EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. / Hänninen, Hannu; Toivonen, Aki; Saukkonen, Tapio; Brederholm, Anssi; Aaltonen, Pertti; Ehrnstén, Ulla.

    Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1 American Nuclear Society ANS, 2009. p. 333-344.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test

    AU - Hänninen, Hannu

    AU - Toivonen, Aki

    AU - Saukkonen, Tapio

    AU - Brederholm, Anssi

    AU - Aaltonen, Pertti

    AU - Ehrnstén, Ulla

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.

    AB - Inhomogeneous microstructures, e.g. grain size, dislocation density etc., always occur in welded structures. Varying manufacturing methods leading to complex strain paths result in highly varying cold-work and consequent residual strains. The role of strain localization is not widely familiar as a precursor for failure and its mechanisms are still not fully known. If strain localization occurs by a creep mechanism, the incubation time for crack initiation can be very long, as frequently observed in NPPs. EBSD employed to measure strain distributions in a Type 304 austenitic stainless steel weld shows a high variation in residual strain distribution, which was verified by hardness measurements as well as with residual stress measurements. Strain localization investigations are also performed on specimens from Super Slow Strain Rate Test using a very slow strain rate of 1 o 10-8 s-1. This is in the creep strain rate range, where diffusion along dislocation cores and grain boundaries occur together with grain boundary sliding. SSSRT's were performed on sensitized Type 304 austenitic stainless steel either with or without cold deformation in simulated BWR environment. To increase the understanding of IGSCC and the role of localization of deformation, versatile techniques like FE-SEM/EBSD and TEM were used to characterize the materials after the extremely slow strain rate tests. Local variation in the amount of surface cold-work seems to affect crack initiation. During crack growth, strain localization occurs at grain boundaries ahead of the crack tips. Local variations of grain size also affect strain localization.

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-161738853-8

    VL - 1

    SP - 333

    EP - 344

    BT - Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors

    PB - American Nuclear Society ANS

    ER -

    Hänninen H, Toivonen A, Saukkonen T, Brederholm A, Aaltonen P, Ehrnstén U. EAC Crack Initiation in Ni-based Dissimilar metal Welds using Doped Steam Test. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems Water Reactors. Vol. 1. American Nuclear Society ANS. 2009. p. 333-344