Early combined safety: security Defense in Depth assessment of complex systems

Nikolaos Papakonstantinou, Joonas Linnosmaa, Ahmed Z. Bashir, Timo Malm, Douglas L. Van Bossuyt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Safety and security of complex critical infrastructures is very important for economic, environmental and social reasons. The interdisciplinary and inter-system dependencies within these infrastructures introduce difficulties in the safety and security design. Late discovery of safety and security design weaknesses can lead to increased costs, additional system complexity, ineffective mitigation measures and delays to the deployment of the systems.Traditionally, safety and security assessments are handled using different methods and tools, although some concepts are very similar, by specialized experts in different disciplines and are performed at different system design life-cycle phases.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationRAMS 2020
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-3690-5, 978-1-7281-3689-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-3691-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2020 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium: R&M in a Model-based System Engineering Environment, RAMS 2020 - Palm Springs, United States
Duration: 27 Jan 202030 Jan 2020

Publication series

SeriesProceedings - Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium


Conference2020 Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium
Abbreviated titleRAMS 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPalm Springs


  • Complex systems
  • Defense in depth
  • Dependency model
  • Early assessment
  • Safety
  • Security


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