Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay

Seppo Hänninen, Matti Lehtonen

Research output: Book/ReportReport

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This report describes three novel methods for earth fault location in unearthed, compensated and low-resistance grounded networks. The 20 kV medium voltage distribution networks are either unearthed or compensated in Finland. The last mentioned algorithm is therefore primarily intended for the export industry of the Finnish relay manufacturers. The developed algorithms are based on the use of fundamental frequency signals, and they need only one measurement unit per primary transformer at the substation. This is due to the fact that the fault current can be determined from the negative sequence component of the measured signal in the supply bay. The scope is restricted to radially operated systems. The earth fault distance location is based on the line impedance calculation in these algorithms. For unearthed and resistance grounded networks, measurements at three discrete times are needed for fault location purposes; pre-fault, fault and post-fault measurements. In the compensated network though, only two measurements, taken during the earth fault, are needed. The soundness of the algorithms was tested using simulated data. According to the results, the performance of the methods is good enough for practical use, and most likely the accuracy is comparable to the transient based methods. The algorithms were tested when the faulty feeder was both loaded and unloaded, with 10 - 30 W fault resistances. The error in distance computation was about 1- 2 km, depending on the loading and the fault resistance value.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages43
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6066-3
ISBN (Print)951-38-6065-5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

Publication series

SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes
Number2153
ISSN1235-0605

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industry
method
distribution
need
calculation

Keywords

  • power systems
  • power distribution networks
  • electrical faults
  • earth fault
  • positioning
  • fault resistance
  • distance
  • calculation
  • algorithms
  • signal processing

Cite this

Hänninen, S., & Lehtonen, M. (2002). Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, No. 2153
Hänninen, Seppo ; Lehtonen, Matti. / Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 43 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2153).
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abstract = "This report describes three novel methods for earth fault location in unearthed, compensated and low-resistance grounded networks. The 20 kV medium voltage distribution networks are either unearthed or compensated in Finland. The last mentioned algorithm is therefore primarily intended for the export industry of the Finnish relay manufacturers. The developed algorithms are based on the use of fundamental frequency signals, and they need only one measurement unit per primary transformer at the substation. This is due to the fact that the fault current can be determined from the negative sequence component of the measured signal in the supply bay. The scope is restricted to radially operated systems. The earth fault distance location is based on the line impedance calculation in these algorithms. For unearthed and resistance grounded networks, measurements at three discrete times are needed for fault location purposes; pre-fault, fault and post-fault measurements. In the compensated network though, only two measurements, taken during the earth fault, are needed. The soundness of the algorithms was tested using simulated data. According to the results, the performance of the methods is good enough for practical use, and most likely the accuracy is comparable to the transient based methods. The algorithms were tested when the faulty feeder was both loaded and unloaded, with 10 - 30 W fault resistances. The error in distance computation was about 1- 2 km, depending on the loading and the fault resistance value.",
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Hänninen, S & Lehtonen, M 2002, Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay. VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes, no. 2153, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay. / Hänninen, Seppo; Lehtonen, Matti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 43 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2153).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

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AU - Lehtonen, Matti

PY - 2002

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N2 - This report describes three novel methods for earth fault location in unearthed, compensated and low-resistance grounded networks. The 20 kV medium voltage distribution networks are either unearthed or compensated in Finland. The last mentioned algorithm is therefore primarily intended for the export industry of the Finnish relay manufacturers. The developed algorithms are based on the use of fundamental frequency signals, and they need only one measurement unit per primary transformer at the substation. This is due to the fact that the fault current can be determined from the negative sequence component of the measured signal in the supply bay. The scope is restricted to radially operated systems. The earth fault distance location is based on the line impedance calculation in these algorithms. For unearthed and resistance grounded networks, measurements at three discrete times are needed for fault location purposes; pre-fault, fault and post-fault measurements. In the compensated network though, only two measurements, taken during the earth fault, are needed. The soundness of the algorithms was tested using simulated data. According to the results, the performance of the methods is good enough for practical use, and most likely the accuracy is comparable to the transient based methods. The algorithms were tested when the faulty feeder was both loaded and unloaded, with 10 - 30 W fault resistances. The error in distance computation was about 1- 2 km, depending on the loading and the fault resistance value.

AB - This report describes three novel methods for earth fault location in unearthed, compensated and low-resistance grounded networks. The 20 kV medium voltage distribution networks are either unearthed or compensated in Finland. The last mentioned algorithm is therefore primarily intended for the export industry of the Finnish relay manufacturers. The developed algorithms are based on the use of fundamental frequency signals, and they need only one measurement unit per primary transformer at the substation. This is due to the fact that the fault current can be determined from the negative sequence component of the measured signal in the supply bay. The scope is restricted to radially operated systems. The earth fault distance location is based on the line impedance calculation in these algorithms. For unearthed and resistance grounded networks, measurements at three discrete times are needed for fault location purposes; pre-fault, fault and post-fault measurements. In the compensated network though, only two measurements, taken during the earth fault, are needed. The soundness of the algorithms was tested using simulated data. According to the results, the performance of the methods is good enough for practical use, and most likely the accuracy is comparable to the transient based methods. The algorithms were tested when the faulty feeder was both loaded and unloaded, with 10 - 30 W fault resistances. The error in distance computation was about 1- 2 km, depending on the loading and the fault resistance value.

KW - power systems

KW - power distribution networks

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Hänninen S, Lehtonen M. Earth fault distance computation with fundamental frequency signals based on measurements in substation supply bay. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. 43 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes; No. 2153).