EcoBalance model for assessing sustainability in residential areas and relevant case studies in Finland

Irmeli Harmaajärvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The EcoBalance Model was developed at VTT, the Technical Research Center of Finland, in the early 1990s, and it has been used in several case studies in Finland. The model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes, and the costs caused directly and indirectly by residential areas and urban structures on a life-cycle basis. The results of the case studies give information about the ecological impacts of different solutions in urban development. The case study introduced in this article indicates that eco-villages are not necessarily very sound from an ecological point of view. On average, eco-villages require more energy and raw materials, they produce more emissions, and they cost more than urban small-house areas. The EcoBalance model can be used when planning new areas or developing new urban structures, constructing buildings and infrastructure, as well as developing sustainable life styles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373 - 380
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

residential area
Finland
urban structure
sustainability
village
energy
life style
ecological impact
costs
raw materials
cost
life cycle
urban development
natural resources
building
natural resource
infrastructure
planning

Keywords

  • ecobalance model
  • sustainability in residential areas
  • finland

Cite this

@article{72a32f913ca747ce97b660c0ef4cf947,
title = "EcoBalance model for assessing sustainability in residential areas and relevant case studies in Finland",
abstract = "The EcoBalance Model was developed at VTT, the Technical Research Center of Finland, in the early 1990s, and it has been used in several case studies in Finland. The model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes, and the costs caused directly and indirectly by residential areas and urban structures on a life-cycle basis. The results of the case studies give information about the ecological impacts of different solutions in urban development. The case study introduced in this article indicates that eco-villages are not necessarily very sound from an ecological point of view. On average, eco-villages require more energy and raw materials, they produce more emissions, and they cost more than urban small-house areas. The EcoBalance model can be used when planning new areas or developing new urban structures, constructing buildings and infrastructure, as well as developing sustainable life styles.",
keywords = "ecobalance model, sustainability in residential areas, finland",
author = "Irmeli Harmaaj{\"a}rvi",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1016/S0195-9255(00)00048-2",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "373 -- 380",
journal = "Environmental Impact Assessment Review",
issn = "0195-9255",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

EcoBalance model for assessing sustainability in residential areas and relevant case studies in Finland. / Harmaajärvi, Irmeli.

In: Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2000, p. 373 - 380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - EcoBalance model for assessing sustainability in residential areas and relevant case studies in Finland

AU - Harmaajärvi, Irmeli

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - The EcoBalance Model was developed at VTT, the Technical Research Center of Finland, in the early 1990s, and it has been used in several case studies in Finland. The model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes, and the costs caused directly and indirectly by residential areas and urban structures on a life-cycle basis. The results of the case studies give information about the ecological impacts of different solutions in urban development. The case study introduced in this article indicates that eco-villages are not necessarily very sound from an ecological point of view. On average, eco-villages require more energy and raw materials, they produce more emissions, and they cost more than urban small-house areas. The EcoBalance model can be used when planning new areas or developing new urban structures, constructing buildings and infrastructure, as well as developing sustainable life styles.

AB - The EcoBalance Model was developed at VTT, the Technical Research Center of Finland, in the early 1990s, and it has been used in several case studies in Finland. The model estimates the total consumption of energy and other natural resources, the production of emissions and wastes, and the costs caused directly and indirectly by residential areas and urban structures on a life-cycle basis. The results of the case studies give information about the ecological impacts of different solutions in urban development. The case study introduced in this article indicates that eco-villages are not necessarily very sound from an ecological point of view. On average, eco-villages require more energy and raw materials, they produce more emissions, and they cost more than urban small-house areas. The EcoBalance model can be used when planning new areas or developing new urban structures, constructing buildings and infrastructure, as well as developing sustainable life styles.

KW - ecobalance model

KW - sustainability in residential areas

KW - finland

U2 - 10.1016/S0195-9255(00)00048-2

DO - 10.1016/S0195-9255(00)00048-2

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 373

EP - 380

JO - Environmental Impact Assessment Review

JF - Environmental Impact Assessment Review

SN - 0195-9255

IS - 3

ER -