Economic value of optical and X-ray CT scanning in bucking of Scots pine

Hannu Rummukainen (Corresponding Author), Marika Makkonen, Jori Uusitalo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    In the Nordic countries, trees are typically bucked into logs using harvesters that measure only a two-dimensional diameter profile of the stem. Because the value of a log can vary significantly depending on its shape and internal defects, bucking decisions can in principle be improved by optical scanning of the three-dimensional stem shape, and detection of knots and other features inside the stem by X-ray computed tomography (CT). The objective of this study was to quantify how much the value recovery at a sawmill could be increased, if bucking decisions took advantage of additional measurement data and a sawing simulator to estimate log values. A simulation study on 1582 Scots pine stems was performed to compare bucking based on a two-dimensional diameter profile with bucking that maximises log value based on either optical scanning alone, or both optical and CT scanning. For log positioning, both the traditional “horns-down” position, and value-maximising rotation based on CT scanning were considered. The results show that bucking based on optical scanning alone can potentially increase the value of sawn timber by up to 5%, and CT scanning before bucking provides little additional value for a sawmill using a CT scanner to optimise log rotation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalWood Material Science and Engineering
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Oct 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Tomography
    Scanning
    X rays
    Economics
    Sawmills
    Sawing
    Harvesters
    Timber
    Simulators
    Recovery
    Defects

    Keywords

    • Bucking optimisation
    • CT scanning
    • log positioning
    • sawing simulation
    • value recovery

    Cite this

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    title = "Economic value of optical and X-ray CT scanning in bucking of Scots pine",
    abstract = "In the Nordic countries, trees are typically bucked into logs using harvesters that measure only a two-dimensional diameter profile of the stem. Because the value of a log can vary significantly depending on its shape and internal defects, bucking decisions can in principle be improved by optical scanning of the three-dimensional stem shape, and detection of knots and other features inside the stem by X-ray computed tomography (CT). The objective of this study was to quantify how much the value recovery at a sawmill could be increased, if bucking decisions took advantage of additional measurement data and a sawing simulator to estimate log values. A simulation study on 1582 Scots pine stems was performed to compare bucking based on a two-dimensional diameter profile with bucking that maximises log value based on either optical scanning alone, or both optical and CT scanning. For log positioning, both the traditional “horns-down” position, and value-maximising rotation based on CT scanning were considered. The results show that bucking based on optical scanning alone can potentially increase the value of sawn timber by up to 5{\%}, and CT scanning before bucking provides little additional value for a sawmill using a CT scanner to optimise log rotation.",
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    Economic value of optical and X-ray CT scanning in bucking of Scots pine. / Rummukainen, Hannu (Corresponding Author); Makkonen, Marika; Uusitalo, Jori.

    In: Wood Material Science and Engineering, 03.10.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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