Economics of nuclear versus coal: Big is beautiful?

Diana Guentcheva, Juhani Vira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The economics of nuclear power versus coal-fired power generation is discussed with special account for scale effects. It is assumed that new plant capacity will be needed at the beginning of 1990s. The comparison of levelized power production costs indicates the apparent cost advantage of large 1000 MW nuclear units over coal-fire power plants, but the advantage is lost as the unit size is decreased to 500 MW. Further analyses show that the position of small nuclear units is not improved in the case of demand uncertainty. For nuclear alternatives the effect of scale economies largely outweighs the penalty of possible overcapacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439 - 451
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Coal
coal
Economics
economy of scale
scale effect
nuclear power
production cost
economics
power generation
Nuclear energy
Power generation
Costs
power plant
Power plants
Fires
cost
demand
comparison
effect
penalty

Cite this

Guentcheva, Diana ; Vira, Juhani. / Economics of nuclear versus coal : Big is beautiful?. In: Energy Policy. 1984 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 439 - 451.
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title = "Economics of nuclear versus coal: Big is beautiful?",
abstract = "The economics of nuclear power versus coal-fired power generation is discussed with special account for scale effects. It is assumed that new plant capacity will be needed at the beginning of 1990s. The comparison of levelized power production costs indicates the apparent cost advantage of large 1000 MW nuclear units over coal-fire power plants, but the advantage is lost as the unit size is decreased to 500 MW. Further analyses show that the position of small nuclear units is not improved in the case of demand uncertainty. For nuclear alternatives the effect of scale economies largely outweighs the penalty of possible overcapacity.",
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Economics of nuclear versus coal : Big is beautiful? / Guentcheva, Diana; Vira, Juhani.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 12, No. 4, 1984, p. 439 - 451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Vira, Juhani

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AB - The economics of nuclear power versus coal-fired power generation is discussed with special account for scale effects. It is assumed that new plant capacity will be needed at the beginning of 1990s. The comparison of levelized power production costs indicates the apparent cost advantage of large 1000 MW nuclear units over coal-fire power plants, but the advantage is lost as the unit size is decreased to 500 MW. Further analyses show that the position of small nuclear units is not improved in the case of demand uncertainty. For nuclear alternatives the effect of scale economies largely outweighs the penalty of possible overcapacity.

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