Ecotoxicity tests for compost applications

Anu Kapanen, Merja Itävaara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interest in the ecological effects of composting has been growing recently. However, no established methods are available for testing the toxicity of composted materials. Despite this, international and national quality requirements define that compost shall not contain any environmentally harmful substances. Safety requirements have to be fulfilled if the produced compost is intended for agricultural use. This literature review focuses on methods that could potentially be used to evaluate the ecotoxicity of compost. The toxicity test methods discussed are those employing microbes, enzymes, soil fauna, and plants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fingerprint

Toxicity
Soil
Composting
Enzymes
Soils
Toxicity Tests
Testing
Safety

Keywords

  • compost
  • composting
  • compost quality
  • biodegradation
  • ecotoxicology
  • toxicology
  • biotest

Cite this

Kapanen, Anu ; Itävaara, Merja. / Ecotoxicity tests for compost applications. In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2001 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 1-16.
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Ecotoxicity tests for compost applications. / Kapanen, Anu; Itävaara, Merja.

In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 49, No. 1, 2001, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Itävaara, Merja

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AB - Interest in the ecological effects of composting has been growing recently. However, no established methods are available for testing the toxicity of composted materials. Despite this, international and national quality requirements define that compost shall not contain any environmentally harmful substances. Safety requirements have to be fulfilled if the produced compost is intended for agricultural use. This literature review focuses on methods that could potentially be used to evaluate the ecotoxicity of compost. The toxicity test methods discussed are those employing microbes, enzymes, soil fauna, and plants.

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KW - composting

KW - compost quality

KW - biodegradation

KW - ecotoxicology

KW - toxicology

KW - biotest

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