EDGE2D-EIRENE predictions of molecular emission in DIII-D high-recycling divertor plasmas

M. Groth, E. M. Hollmann, A. E. Järvinen, A. W. Leonard, A. G. McLean, C. M. Samuell, D. Reiter, S. L. Allen, P. Boerner, S. Brezinsek, I. Bykov, G. Corrigan, M. E. Fenstermacher, D. Harting, C. J. Lasnier, B. Lomanowski, M. A. Makowski, M. W. Shafer, H. Q. Wang, J. G. WatkinsS. Wiesen, R. S. Wilcox, The DIII-D Team

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20 Citations (Scopus)


The contributions of deuterium molecular emission to the total deuterium radiation was assessed in DIII-D ohmically-confined plasmas in high-recycling divertor conditions. Radial profiles of the deuterium Ly-α line intensity across the low-field side divertor leg were obtained with the recently installed divertor Survey Poor Resolution, Extended Spectrometer [1]. A high-resolution spectrometer was used to measure the poloidal profiles of the deuterium Balmer-α and the deuterium Fulcher-α band intensity in the visible wavelength range. The scrape-off layer plasma and neutral distributions were simulated using the edge fluid EDGE2D-EIRENE [2], and the numerical solutions constrained utilizing Thomson scattering and Langmuir probe measurements at the low-field side midplane and the divertor target plate. The studies show that for these conditions molecular emission plays a negligible role in the total radiative power balance of the low-field side divertor, but molecular processes are important when evaluating deuterium Balmer-α line intensity for code-experiment validation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-217
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Deuterium atomic and molecular emission
  • DIII-D
  • Divertor edge fluid simulations
  • Lyman-Werner and Fulcher band


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