Effect of birch kraft pulp primary fines on bleaching and sheet properties

Sari Asikainen (Corresponding Author), Agneta Fuhrmann, Marjatta Ranua, Leif Robertsén

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    By removing the primary fines from an oxygen-delignified mill birch pulp, a fiber fraction was obtained having low metals content and no extractives. After DEDeD bleaching the fiber fraction had somewhat higher brightness and better brightness stability than the birch pulp containing the primary fines. The fines fraction was enriched with lignin, extractives, xylan, and metals. Bleaching the fines fraction in a QQP sequence did not affect the extractives, whereas a ZeQP sequence clearly reduced the extractives content. In a biorefinery concept, the fines fraction could be utilized as a source of xylan, fatty acids, sterols, and betulinol. Another possibility is to use the fines fraction unbleached or separately bleached as a bonding material in various fiber furnishes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2173-2183
    Number of pages11
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Betula
    • Kraft pulp
    • Fines
    • Ozone bleaching
    • Hydrogen peroxide
    • Chlorine dioxide
    • Metal ion
    • Bonding
    • Brightness stability
    • Extractive content


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