Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp

Sari Asikainen, Agneta Fuhrmann, Leif Robertsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effectiveness of various bleaching chemicals on softwood kraft pulp fibres of different cell-wall thickness was studied and the effect of primary fines on bleaching was investigated. Softwood kraft pulps of different average cell-wall thickness were obtained by fractionating with hydrocyclones. After the fractionation unbleached softwood kraft pulp fractions were treated with oxygen, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone. In the oxygen stage, kappa reduction increased and the consumption of sodium hydroxide per unit decrease in kappa number decreased with cell wall thickness at a given primary fines content. The consumption of hydrogen peroxide per unit decrease in kappa number increased with cell wall thickness at the same primary fines content. The consumption of chlorine dioxide and ozone per brightness unit gained decreased with cell wall thickness. In addition, the results showed that primary fines adversely affected the hydrogen peroxide bleaching of the pulp.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-367
Number of pages6
JournalAppita Journal
Volume64
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Kraft pulp
Softwoods
Bleaching
Hydrogen peroxide
Cells
Ozone
Chlorine
Oxygen
Fractionation
Pulp
Luminance
Sodium
Fibers

Keywords

  • bleaching
  • oxygen
  • ozone
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • chlorine dioxide
  • fines
  • cell wall thickness

Cite this

Asikainen, S., Fuhrmann, A., & Robertsen, L. (2011). Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp. Appita Journal, 64(4), 362-367.
Asikainen, Sari ; Fuhrmann, Agneta ; Robertsen, Leif. / Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp. In: Appita Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 64, No. 4. pp. 362-367.
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Asikainen, S, Fuhrmann, A & Robertsen, L 2011, 'Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp', Appita Journal, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 362-367.

Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp. / Asikainen, Sari; Fuhrmann, Agneta; Robertsen, Leif.

In: Appita Journal, Vol. 64, No. 4, 2011, p. 362-367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp

AU - Asikainen, Sari

AU - Fuhrmann, Agneta

AU - Robertsen, Leif

PY - 2011

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N2 - The effectiveness of various bleaching chemicals on softwood kraft pulp fibres of different cell-wall thickness was studied and the effect of primary fines on bleaching was investigated. Softwood kraft pulps of different average cell-wall thickness were obtained by fractionating with hydrocyclones. After the fractionation unbleached softwood kraft pulp fractions were treated with oxygen, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone. In the oxygen stage, kappa reduction increased and the consumption of sodium hydroxide per unit decrease in kappa number decreased with cell wall thickness at a given primary fines content. The consumption of hydrogen peroxide per unit decrease in kappa number increased with cell wall thickness at the same primary fines content. The consumption of chlorine dioxide and ozone per brightness unit gained decreased with cell wall thickness. In addition, the results showed that primary fines adversely affected the hydrogen peroxide bleaching of the pulp.

AB - The effectiveness of various bleaching chemicals on softwood kraft pulp fibres of different cell-wall thickness was studied and the effect of primary fines on bleaching was investigated. Softwood kraft pulps of different average cell-wall thickness were obtained by fractionating with hydrocyclones. After the fractionation unbleached softwood kraft pulp fractions were treated with oxygen, chlorine dioxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone. In the oxygen stage, kappa reduction increased and the consumption of sodium hydroxide per unit decrease in kappa number decreased with cell wall thickness at a given primary fines content. The consumption of hydrogen peroxide per unit decrease in kappa number increased with cell wall thickness at the same primary fines content. The consumption of chlorine dioxide and ozone per brightness unit gained decreased with cell wall thickness. In addition, the results showed that primary fines adversely affected the hydrogen peroxide bleaching of the pulp.

KW - bleaching

KW - oxygen

KW - ozone

KW - hydrogen peroxide

KW - chlorine dioxide

KW - fines

KW - cell wall thickness

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JO - Appita Journal

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SN - 1038-6807

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Asikainen S, Fuhrmann A, Robertsen L. Effect of cell wall thickness and fines on bleaching of softwood kraft pulp. Appita Journal. 2011;64(4):362-367.