Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties

Hanna Lindqvist, Kristian Salminen, Janne Kataja-aho, Anna Sundberg, Bjarne Holmbom, Elias Retulainen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The most critical factors affecting runnability of paper machines are the tension and relaxation properties of wet paper. In this study, the effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties was investigated. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant at pH 6.5 and conductivity level of 1 mS/cm, achieved by addition of CaCl2, decreased surface tension and increased dry content. Density, air permeability and tensile strength increased for dry sheets. Tensile strength and residual tension at 2% strain of the wet web increased until a concentration of 0.25 g of surfactant/L of water, primarily due to the increased dry content. Lowering of pH from 6.5 to 5, decreased dry content after wet pressing and air permeability of dry sheets. Adjustment of conductivity with NaCl caused a decrease in both tensile strength and residual tension for wet sheets
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009
Place of PublicationToronto, Canada
Pages63-66
Editioncd-rom
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

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surface tension
tensile strength
electrolytes
permeability
air
nonionic surfactants
pressing
surfactants
water

Cite this

Lindqvist, H., Salminen, K., Kataja-aho, J., Sundberg, A., Holmbom, B., & Retulainen, E. (2009). Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties. In 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009 (cd-rom ed., pp. 63-66). Toronto, Canada.
Lindqvist, Hanna ; Salminen, Kristian ; Kataja-aho, Janne ; Sundberg, Anna ; Holmbom, Bjarne ; Retulainen, Elias. / Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties. 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009. cd-rom. ed. Toronto, Canada, 2009. pp. 63-66
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abstract = "The most critical factors affecting runnability of paper machines are the tension and relaxation properties of wet paper. In this study, the effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties was investigated. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant at pH 6.5 and conductivity level of 1 mS/cm, achieved by addition of CaCl2, decreased surface tension and increased dry content. Density, air permeability and tensile strength increased for dry sheets. Tensile strength and residual tension at 2{\%} strain of the wet web increased until a concentration of 0.25 g of surfactant/L of water, primarily due to the increased dry content. Lowering of pH from 6.5 to 5, decreased dry content after wet pressing and air permeability of dry sheets. Adjustment of conductivity with NaCl caused a decrease in both tensile strength and residual tension for wet sheets",
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Lindqvist, H, Salminen, K, Kataja-aho, J, Sundberg, A, Holmbom, B & Retulainen, E 2009, Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties. in 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009. cd-rom edn, Toronto, Canada, pp. 63-66.

Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties. / Lindqvist, Hanna; Salminen, Kristian; Kataja-aho, Janne; Sundberg, Anna; Holmbom, Bjarne; Retulainen, Elias.

7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009. cd-rom. ed. Toronto, Canada, 2009. p. 63-66.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Retulainen, Elias

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N2 - The most critical factors affecting runnability of paper machines are the tension and relaxation properties of wet paper. In this study, the effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties was investigated. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant at pH 6.5 and conductivity level of 1 mS/cm, achieved by addition of CaCl2, decreased surface tension and increased dry content. Density, air permeability and tensile strength increased for dry sheets. Tensile strength and residual tension at 2% strain of the wet web increased until a concentration of 0.25 g of surfactant/L of water, primarily due to the increased dry content. Lowering of pH from 6.5 to 5, decreased dry content after wet pressing and air permeability of dry sheets. Adjustment of conductivity with NaCl caused a decrease in both tensile strength and residual tension for wet sheets

AB - The most critical factors affecting runnability of paper machines are the tension and relaxation properties of wet paper. In this study, the effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties was investigated. Addition of a non-ionic surfactant at pH 6.5 and conductivity level of 1 mS/cm, achieved by addition of CaCl2, decreased surface tension and increased dry content. Density, air permeability and tensile strength increased for dry sheets. Tensile strength and residual tension at 2% strain of the wet web increased until a concentration of 0.25 g of surfactant/L of water, primarily due to the increased dry content. Lowering of pH from 6.5 to 5, decreased dry content after wet pressing and air permeability of dry sheets. Adjustment of conductivity with NaCl caused a decrease in both tensile strength and residual tension for wet sheets

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EP - 66

BT - 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009

CY - Toronto, Canada

ER -

Lindqvist H, Salminen K, Kataja-aho J, Sundberg A, Holmbom B, Retulainen E. Effect of electrolytes, pH and surface tension on dry and wet web properties. In 7th International Paper and Coating Chemistry Symposium. Hamilton, Canada, 10 - 12 June 2009. cd-rom ed. Toronto, Canada. 2009. p. 63-66