Effect of ethene impurity on performance of solid oxide fuel cell

Anja Aarva, Matti Noponen, Jari Kiviaho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A pre-reforming unit is needed if liquid hydrocarbon fuels, such as gasoline or diesel, are used in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems. Although pre-reforming removes most of the higher hydrocarbons, there may still be some fractions left in the reformate flow. Ethene was chosen to be the subject of this work because it has been analyzed to be the most significant impurity in diesel reformate. In this work, an anode supported unit cell was used to examine the behavior and performance of a SOFC when ethene was added to hydrogen feed. The ethene concentration in the feed was increased stepwise from 0 ppm to 1000 ppm and the current was kept constant for 100 hours at each concentration level. Changes in the cell performance were monitored by impedance spectroscopy and polarization measurements. It was detected that ethene does not accelerate cell degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1653-1659
JournalECS Transactions
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event10th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC X - Nara, Japan
Duration: 3 Jun 20078 Jun 2007

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Reforming reactions
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Hydrocarbons
Impurities
Gasoline
Anodes
Spectroscopy
Polarization
Degradation
Hydrogen
Liquids

Cite this

Aarva, Anja ; Noponen, Matti ; Kiviaho, Jari. / Effect of ethene impurity on performance of solid oxide fuel cell. In: ECS Transactions. 2007 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 1653-1659.
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Effect of ethene impurity on performance of solid oxide fuel cell. / Aarva, Anja; Noponen, Matti; Kiviaho, Jari.

In: ECS Transactions, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2007, p. 1653-1659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Effect of ethene impurity on performance of solid oxide fuel cell

AU - Aarva, Anja

AU - Noponen, Matti

AU - Kiviaho, Jari

PY - 2007

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AB - A pre-reforming unit is needed if liquid hydrocarbon fuels, such as gasoline or diesel, are used in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems. Although pre-reforming removes most of the higher hydrocarbons, there may still be some fractions left in the reformate flow. Ethene was chosen to be the subject of this work because it has been analyzed to be the most significant impurity in diesel reformate. In this work, an anode supported unit cell was used to examine the behavior and performance of a SOFC when ethene was added to hydrogen feed. The ethene concentration in the feed was increased stepwise from 0 ppm to 1000 ppm and the current was kept constant for 100 hours at each concentration level. Changes in the cell performance were monitored by impedance spectroscopy and polarization measurements. It was detected that ethene does not accelerate cell degradation.

U2 - 10.1149/1.2729274

DO - 10.1149/1.2729274

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