Cellular polymers, showing interesting quasi-piezoelectric properties upon charging under an electrical field, have been developed for a few years. They are manufactured by a method generating a high density of internal cavities, which play a major role in the charging process. Therefore, investigation of charging mechanisms is fundamental to reach optimization of electret and quasi-piezoelectric properties. This paper investigates the efficiency of contact charging of cellular polypropylene (PP) as a function of a manufacturing treatment, i.e. gas expansion, that increases the mean size of internal cavities. Testing techniques are based on partial discharge and space charge measurements. A model for the charging process is presented, with the purpose of providing explanations to the different behavior of cellular and cellular expanded PP.
|Title of host publication||The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society|
|Subtitle of host publication||LEOS 2004|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway, NJ, USA|
|Publisher||IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
Montanari, C. G., Mazzanti, G., Ciani, F., & Paajanen, M. (2004). Effect of gas expansion on charging behavior of quasi-piezoelectric cellular PP. In The 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society: LEOS 2004 (pp. 153-157). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2004.1364212