Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp

Sawitree Pisuttipiched, E Retulainen, Raimo Malinen, Heikki Kolehmainen, Mauno Ruhanen, S Siripattanadilok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of harvesting age of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on wood, pulp and papermaking properties was studied. Bleached kraft pulp was prepared from 4-, 6- and 8-year-old trees, which came from the same clone and area located in eastern Thailand. The basic density at breast height increases with increasing tree age. Holocellulose, lignin and ash contents are not affected; the pentosan content decreased while extractive content increased with increasing tree age. Older trees give longer and coarser fibers. The vessel area is constant from 4- to 6-growth rings and then increases from 6- to 8-growth rings, while the parenchyma area is constant. Consequently, fiber area increases from 6- to 8-growth rings. The 4- to 6-year-old trees give better pulp quality than the 8 year-old in terms of higher pulp yield, lower kappa number, better bleachability, brighter and stronger pulps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-390
JournalAppita Journal
Volume56
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Bleached pulp
Kraft pulp
Pulp
Ashes
Papermaking
Fibers
Lignin
Wood

Keywords

  • Tree age
  • Eucalyptus camaldulensis
  • wood specific gracity
  • fiber length
  • corseness
  • kraft pulping
  • paper properties

Cite this

Pisuttipiched, S., Retulainen, E., Malinen, R., Kolehmainen, H., Ruhanen, M., & Siripattanadilok, S. (2003). Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp. Appita Journal, 56(5), 385-390.
Pisuttipiched, Sawitree ; Retulainen, E ; Malinen, Raimo ; Kolehmainen, Heikki ; Ruhanen, Mauno ; Siripattanadilok, S. / Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp. In: Appita Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 56, No. 5. pp. 385-390.
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Pisuttipiched, S, Retulainen, E, Malinen, R, Kolehmainen, H, Ruhanen, M & Siripattanadilok, S 2003, 'Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp', Appita Journal, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 385-390.

Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp. / Pisuttipiched, Sawitree; Retulainen, E; Malinen, Raimo; Kolehmainen, Heikki; Ruhanen, Mauno; Siripattanadilok, S.

In: Appita Journal, Vol. 56, No. 5, 2003, p. 385-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Pisuttipiched, Sawitree

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AU - Ruhanen, Mauno

AU - Siripattanadilok, S

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AB - The effect of harvesting age of Eucalyptus camaldulensis on wood, pulp and papermaking properties was studied. Bleached kraft pulp was prepared from 4-, 6- and 8-year-old trees, which came from the same clone and area located in eastern Thailand. The basic density at breast height increases with increasing tree age. Holocellulose, lignin and ash contents are not affected; the pentosan content decreased while extractive content increased with increasing tree age. Older trees give longer and coarser fibers. The vessel area is constant from 4- to 6-growth rings and then increases from 6- to 8-growth rings, while the parenchyma area is constant. Consequently, fiber area increases from 6- to 8-growth rings. The 4- to 6-year-old trees give better pulp quality than the 8 year-old in terms of higher pulp yield, lower kappa number, better bleachability, brighter and stronger pulps.

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KW - Eucalyptus camaldulensis

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Pisuttipiched S, Retulainen E, Malinen R, Kolehmainen H, Ruhanen M, Siripattanadilok S. Effect of harvesting age on the quality of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Bleached Kraft Pulp. Appita Journal. 2003;56(5):385-390.