Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    A low energy impact face defect is likely to decrease the face buckling load of a sandwich composite to. P = Po (1--Wom/Wm) t. where P0 is the buckling load without initial damage, and wOm and wm are theinitial and failure values of displaceme nt amplitude at the centre of the defect. This expression represents the critical lateral face load incompression, and is essentially unchanged regardless whether the structure is asandwich panel or a strut on elastic foundation. Experimental studies suggest that the diameter of the impact delaminationdefect du ~IN where ~is the impact energy and N is the number of equal impacts. This corresponds to the critical energy criterion for fatigue. If w0m ~l, where 21 is the wavelength of the initial irregularities, and l du, then wOm ~. This would agree with both the equation (1) and the experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · (1 ~'JN/K). where K is a constant for similar composites. If the wavelength is proportional to the diameter of the impact damage, then wOm dU2. However, a relation wOm du3 is suggested by another experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · [1 (1.5 · dU/b)3]. where b is the effective width under loading. The observed correlation 'between defect size and strength loss is somewhat worse with the last equation. However, in practice using the measured defect size du from NDT inspections is more attractive than the usually unknown impact energy in the evaluation of strength loss due to impacts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages25
    ISBN (Print)951-38-4246-0
    Publication statusPublished - 1993
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Publications
    Number128
    ISSN1235-0621

    Fingerprint

    Defects
    Composite materials
    Buckling
    Wavelength
    Struts
    Nondestructive examination
    Inspection
    Fatigue of materials

    Keywords

    • sandwich structures
    • composite materials
    • impact
    • damage
    • defects
    • impact strength
    • mechancal properties
    • composite structures
    • performance evaluation methods
    • loads (forces)
    • buckling
    • bending
    • tests
    • struts
    • structural members
    • panels
    • fatigue (materials)

    Cite this

    Auerkari, P. (1993). Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 128
    Auerkari, Pertti. / Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 25 p. (VTT Publications; No. 128).
    @book{b496b4c72f1b4dbb8b99240285421a60,
    title = "Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites",
    abstract = "A low energy impact face defect is likely to decrease the face buckling load of a sandwich composite to. P = Po (1--Wom/Wm) t. where P0 is the buckling load without initial damage, and wOm and wm are theinitial and failure values of displaceme nt amplitude at the centre of the defect. This expression represents the critical lateral face load incompression, and is essentially unchanged regardless whether the structure is asandwich panel or a strut on elastic foundation. Experimental studies suggest that the diameter of the impact delaminationdefect du ~IN where ~is the impact energy and N is the number of equal impacts. This corresponds to the critical energy criterion for fatigue. If w0m ~l, where 21 is the wavelength of the initial irregularities, and l du, then wOm ~. This would agree with both the equation (1) and the experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · (1 ~'JN/K). where K is a constant for similar composites. If the wavelength is proportional to the diameter of the impact damage, then wOm dU2. However, a relation wOm du3 is suggested by another experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · [1 (1.5 · dU/b)3]. where b is the effective width under loading. The observed correlation 'between defect size and strength loss is somewhat worse with the last equation. However, in practice using the measured defect size du from NDT inspections is more attractive than the usually unknown impact energy in the evaluation of strength loss due to impacts.",
    keywords = "sandwich structures, composite materials, impact, damage, defects, impact strength, mechancal properties, composite structures, performance evaluation methods, loads (forces), buckling, bending, tests, struts, structural members, panels, fatigue (materials)",
    author = "Pertti Auerkari",
    note = "Project code: MET7025",
    year = "1993",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-4246-0",
    series = "VTT Publications",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "128",
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    }

    Auerkari, P 1993, Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites. VTT Publications, no. 128, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites. / Auerkari, Pertti.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 25 p. (VTT Publications; No. 128).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites

    AU - Auerkari, Pertti

    N1 - Project code: MET7025

    PY - 1993

    Y1 - 1993

    N2 - A low energy impact face defect is likely to decrease the face buckling load of a sandwich composite to. P = Po (1--Wom/Wm) t. where P0 is the buckling load without initial damage, and wOm and wm are theinitial and failure values of displaceme nt amplitude at the centre of the defect. This expression represents the critical lateral face load incompression, and is essentially unchanged regardless whether the structure is asandwich panel or a strut on elastic foundation. Experimental studies suggest that the diameter of the impact delaminationdefect du ~IN where ~is the impact energy and N is the number of equal impacts. This corresponds to the critical energy criterion for fatigue. If w0m ~l, where 21 is the wavelength of the initial irregularities, and l du, then wOm ~. This would agree with both the equation (1) and the experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · (1 ~'JN/K). where K is a constant for similar composites. If the wavelength is proportional to the diameter of the impact damage, then wOm dU2. However, a relation wOm du3 is suggested by another experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · [1 (1.5 · dU/b)3]. where b is the effective width under loading. The observed correlation 'between defect size and strength loss is somewhat worse with the last equation. However, in practice using the measured defect size du from NDT inspections is more attractive than the usually unknown impact energy in the evaluation of strength loss due to impacts.

    AB - A low energy impact face defect is likely to decrease the face buckling load of a sandwich composite to. P = Po (1--Wom/Wm) t. where P0 is the buckling load without initial damage, and wOm and wm are theinitial and failure values of displaceme nt amplitude at the centre of the defect. This expression represents the critical lateral face load incompression, and is essentially unchanged regardless whether the structure is asandwich panel or a strut on elastic foundation. Experimental studies suggest that the diameter of the impact delaminationdefect du ~IN where ~is the impact energy and N is the number of equal impacts. This corresponds to the critical energy criterion for fatigue. If w0m ~l, where 21 is the wavelength of the initial irregularities, and l du, then wOm ~. This would agree with both the equation (1) and the experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · (1 ~'JN/K). where K is a constant for similar composites. If the wavelength is proportional to the diameter of the impact damage, then wOm dU2. However, a relation wOm du3 is suggested by another experimentally fitted equation. P = Po · [1 (1.5 · dU/b)3]. where b is the effective width under loading. The observed correlation 'between defect size and strength loss is somewhat worse with the last equation. However, in practice using the measured defect size du from NDT inspections is more attractive than the usually unknown impact energy in the evaluation of strength loss due to impacts.

    KW - sandwich structures

    KW - composite materials

    KW - impact

    KW - damage

    KW - defects

    KW - impact strength

    KW - mechancal properties

    KW - composite structures

    KW - performance evaluation methods

    KW - loads (forces)

    KW - buckling

    KW - bending

    KW - tests

    KW - struts

    KW - structural members

    KW - panels

    KW - fatigue (materials)

    M3 - Report

    SN - 951-38-4246-0

    T3 - VTT Publications

    BT - Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Auerkari P. Effect of impact face damage on strength of sandwich composites. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1993. 25 p. (VTT Publications; No. 128).