Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables

Juha Karvonen, Ryszard Kbuca, Boguslaw Wilk, Jerzy Wnorowski, Szymon Krasicki, Seppo Kalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the effects of skating and diagonal techniques on skiing load at various speeds were compared. When skiing at the same speed, subjects' heart rates were significantly lower when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique (p less than 0.05).
At maximal speed, skating technique gave a significantly higher speed at the same heart rate (p less than 0.001) than diagonal technique. Above the anaerobic threshold (4 mmol.L-1) blood lactic acid levels remained significantly lower (p less than 0.005) when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique.
The results suggest that at the same speed, skating technique loads aerobic and anaerobic energy production less than diagonal technique, and that the same maximal energy production gives a significantly higher skiing speed when using the skating technique than when the diagonal technique (p less than 0.001).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-121
JournalCanadian Journal of Sport Sciences
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Skating
Skiing
Heart Rate
Anaerobic Threshold
Lactic Acid

Cite this

Karvonen, J., Kbuca, R., Wilk, B., Wnorowski, J., Krasicki, S., & Kalli, S. (1989). Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables. Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences, 14(2), 117-121.
Karvonen, Juha ; Kbuca, Ryszard ; Wilk, Boguslaw ; Wnorowski, Jerzy ; Krasicki, Szymon ; Kalli, Seppo. / Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables. In: Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences. 1989 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 117-121.
@article{71f61f2feb104ff2b3df2dbc7d06e220,
title = "Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables",
abstract = "In this study, the effects of skating and diagonal techniques on skiing load at various speeds were compared. When skiing at the same speed, subjects' heart rates were significantly lower when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique (p less than 0.05). At maximal speed, skating technique gave a significantly higher speed at the same heart rate (p less than 0.001) than diagonal technique. Above the anaerobic threshold (4 mmol.L-1) blood lactic acid levels remained significantly lower (p less than 0.005) when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique. The results suggest that at the same speed, skating technique loads aerobic and anaerobic energy production less than diagonal technique, and that the same maximal energy production gives a significantly higher skiing speed when using the skating technique than when the diagonal technique (p less than 0.001).",
author = "Juha Karvonen and Ryszard Kbuca and Boguslaw Wilk and Jerzy Wnorowski and Szymon Krasicki and Seppo Kalli",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "117--121",
journal = "Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism",
issn = "1715-5312",
publisher = "National Research Council of Canada",
number = "2",

}

Karvonen, J, Kbuca, R, Wilk, B, Wnorowski, J, Krasicki, S & Kalli, S 1989, 'Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables', Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 117-121.

Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables. / Karvonen, Juha; Kbuca, Ryszard; Wilk, Boguslaw; Wnorowski, Jerzy; Krasicki, Szymon; Kalli, Seppo.

In: Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1989, p. 117-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables

AU - Karvonen, Juha

AU - Kbuca, Ryszard

AU - Wilk, Boguslaw

AU - Wnorowski, Jerzy

AU - Krasicki, Szymon

AU - Kalli, Seppo

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - In this study, the effects of skating and diagonal techniques on skiing load at various speeds were compared. When skiing at the same speed, subjects' heart rates were significantly lower when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique (p less than 0.05). At maximal speed, skating technique gave a significantly higher speed at the same heart rate (p less than 0.001) than diagonal technique. Above the anaerobic threshold (4 mmol.L-1) blood lactic acid levels remained significantly lower (p less than 0.005) when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique. The results suggest that at the same speed, skating technique loads aerobic and anaerobic energy production less than diagonal technique, and that the same maximal energy production gives a significantly higher skiing speed when using the skating technique than when the diagonal technique (p less than 0.001).

AB - In this study, the effects of skating and diagonal techniques on skiing load at various speeds were compared. When skiing at the same speed, subjects' heart rates were significantly lower when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique (p less than 0.05). At maximal speed, skating technique gave a significantly higher speed at the same heart rate (p less than 0.001) than diagonal technique. Above the anaerobic threshold (4 mmol.L-1) blood lactic acid levels remained significantly lower (p less than 0.005) when using the skating technique than when using the diagonal technique. The results suggest that at the same speed, skating technique loads aerobic and anaerobic energy production less than diagonal technique, and that the same maximal energy production gives a significantly higher skiing speed when using the skating technique than when the diagonal technique (p less than 0.001).

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 117

EP - 121

JO - Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism

JF - Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism

SN - 1715-5312

IS - 2

ER -

Karvonen J, Kbuca R, Wilk B, Wnorowski J, Krasicki S, Kalli S. Effect of skating and diagonal skiing techniques on results and some physiological variables. Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences. 1989;14(2):117-121.