Effect of surface modification on candidate alloys for canadian SCWR fuel cladding

Jian Li, Pei Liu, Renata Zavadil, Tom Malis, Sami Penttilä

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Canadian Generation-IV supercritical water reactor (SCWR) requires peak cladding surface temperature of 800? for a core outlet temperature of 625[Celcius]. Materials selection for high temperature fuel cladding is becoming one of the major challenging tasks. Austenitic stainless steels with excellent corrosion resistance are often susceptible to stress corrosion cracking upon SCW exposure. Low-Cr steels such as P91 exhibit good high-temperature mechanical properties, but the lack of sufficient Cr content makes this group of alloys corrode too fast. One possible solution is to use coatings or surface modification techniques to improve the surface resistance to corrosion. In this study, we investigated the effect of surface modification on commercial 316L stainless steel. Surface modification by mechanical deformation has marked improvement in corrosion resistance during SCW exposure. Possible mechanisms for such improvement are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)129-134
    JournalJournal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering
    Volume2
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Surface treatment
    Corrosion resistance
    Water
    Surface resistance
    Temperature
    Stress corrosion cracking
    Austenitic stainless steel
    Stainless steel
    Corrosion
    Coatings
    Mechanical properties
    Steel

    Keywords

    • SCW
    • surface modification
    • FIB

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The Canadian Generation-IV supercritical water reactor (SCWR) requires peak cladding surface temperature of 800? for a core outlet temperature of 625[Celcius]. Materials selection for high temperature fuel cladding is becoming one of the major challenging tasks. Austenitic stainless steels with excellent corrosion resistance are often susceptible to stress corrosion cracking upon SCW exposure. Low-Cr steels such as P91 exhibit good high-temperature mechanical properties, but the lack of sufficient Cr content makes this group of alloys corrode too fast. One possible solution is to use coatings or surface modification techniques to improve the surface resistance to corrosion. In this study, we investigated the effect of surface modification on commercial 316L stainless steel. Surface modification by mechanical deformation has marked improvement in corrosion resistance during SCW exposure. Possible mechanisms for such improvement are discussed.",
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    Effect of surface modification on candidate alloys for canadian SCWR fuel cladding. / Li, Jian; Liu, Pei; Zavadil, Renata; Malis, Tom; Penttilä, Sami.

    In: Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, p. 129-134.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Effect of surface modification on candidate alloys for canadian SCWR fuel cladding

    AU - Li, Jian

    AU - Liu, Pei

    AU - Zavadil, Renata

    AU - Malis, Tom

    AU - Penttilä, Sami

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - The Canadian Generation-IV supercritical water reactor (SCWR) requires peak cladding surface temperature of 800? for a core outlet temperature of 625[Celcius]. Materials selection for high temperature fuel cladding is becoming one of the major challenging tasks. Austenitic stainless steels with excellent corrosion resistance are often susceptible to stress corrosion cracking upon SCW exposure. Low-Cr steels such as P91 exhibit good high-temperature mechanical properties, but the lack of sufficient Cr content makes this group of alloys corrode too fast. One possible solution is to use coatings or surface modification techniques to improve the surface resistance to corrosion. In this study, we investigated the effect of surface modification on commercial 316L stainless steel. Surface modification by mechanical deformation has marked improvement in corrosion resistance during SCW exposure. Possible mechanisms for such improvement are discussed.

    AB - The Canadian Generation-IV supercritical water reactor (SCWR) requires peak cladding surface temperature of 800? for a core outlet temperature of 625[Celcius]. Materials selection for high temperature fuel cladding is becoming one of the major challenging tasks. Austenitic stainless steels with excellent corrosion resistance are often susceptible to stress corrosion cracking upon SCW exposure. Low-Cr steels such as P91 exhibit good high-temperature mechanical properties, but the lack of sufficient Cr content makes this group of alloys corrode too fast. One possible solution is to use coatings or surface modification techniques to improve the surface resistance to corrosion. In this study, we investigated the effect of surface modification on commercial 316L stainless steel. Surface modification by mechanical deformation has marked improvement in corrosion resistance during SCW exposure. Possible mechanisms for such improvement are discussed.

    KW - SCW

    KW - surface modification

    KW - FIB

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