Effect of temperature and humidity on dielectric properties of thermally sprayed alumina coatings

Minna Niittymaki, Kari Lahti, Tomi Suhonen, Jarkko Metsajoki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    Breakdown strength, DC resistivity, permittivity and loss of thermally sprayed alumina coatings were studied at various temperatures and relative humidities. The studied coatings were sprayed by utilizing three different spray techniques: flame, high-velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) and plasma spraying. Breakdown behavior of HVOF sprayed alumina were studied up to very high temperatures (800 °C). At 20-180°C, no significant trend could be seen in the breakdown strength of HVOF and plasma sprayed alumina coatings. The breakdown strength of alumina coatings decreased gradually from 300 to 800 °C reaching a value which was only 14% of the breakdown strength measured at 20 °C/RH 20%. Increasing humidity (from 20 to 90%) decreased the DC resistivity of the alumina coatings five orders of magnitude. Correspondingly, permittivity and losses increased with the humidity; in most cases with a notable contribution due to DC conduction. The material behavior may be linked to the microstructure of coatings consisting of amorphous and crystalline regions with interfaces in between. Moreover, the alumina coatings exhibited notable amount of highly hygroscopic γ-phase which also affected the moisture sensitivity of the coatings.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)908-918
    Number of pages11
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible


    • Alumina
    • aluminum oxide
    • conductivity
    • dielectric breakdown
    • dielectric losses
    • flame spray
    • HVOF
    • permittivity
    • plasma spray
    • resistivity
    • thermally sprayed ceramic coating


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