Effect of the fluid flow fragmentation on the hydrothermal performance enhancement of a serpentine mini-channel heat sink

Hayder Mohammad Jaffal, Basim Freegah, Ammar A. Hussain, Ala Hasan (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the effect of fluid flow fragmentation on the hydrothermal performance characteristics of a serpentine mini-channel heat sink (SMCHS) numerically and experimentally. Two novel designs, namely, perpendicular and diagonal, which are related to where the fluid flow is fragmented in the SMCHS, are investigated. The two new designs have two entrances and two exits. The flow in each entrance is divided into two branches. In the current study, 3D CFD ANSYSIS-Fluent program is used in the numerical simulations. The three designs, namely, one conventional and the two novel designs, were manufactured and tested to validate the reliability of the numerical simulations and to compare the performance experimentally. The analysis of the results shows that the flow fragmentation effectively improves the SMCHS characteristics compared with the conventional SMCHS. Moreover, the outcomes indicate that the improved heat transfer of the fragmentation disperser, represented by the Nusselt number, increases by 13% accompanied by a reduction in the pressure drop by about 180% compared with the conventional design. The new SMCHS with the perpendicular fragmentation design is found to be slightly better than that with the diagonal fragmentation design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100866
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Flow fragmentation
  • hydrothermal performance
  • Nusselt number
  • pressure drop
  • Serpentine mini-channel

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