Field studies were conducted to gather information on well-functioning terminals, their machines, logistics and infrastructure. Based on the survey, work studies and cost calculations of different terminal functions, supply costs of woody biomass through terminals were defined. Finally, the most effective terminal supply chains were compared with direct supply chains from forest to plant.
|Title of host publication||Energy Biomass Supply Chain Concepts Including Terminals|
|Editors||Lauri Sikanen, Olli-Jussi Korpinen, Jouni Tornberg, Timo Saarentaus, Kaisu Leppänen, Miina Jahkonen|
|Publisher||Natural Resources Institute Finland|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|MoE publication type||D2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material|
Virkkunen, M., & Raitila, J. (2016). Effective large scale terminal. In L. Sikanen, O-J. Korpinen, J. Tornberg, T. Saarentaus, K. Leppänen, & M. Jahkonen (Eds.), Energy Biomass Supply Chain Concepts Including Terminals (pp. 10-13). Natural Resources Institute Finland. http://bestfinalreport.fi/files/Energy%20Biomass%20Supply%20Chain%20Concepts%20Including%20Terminals.pdf