Effects of cell wall components on the functionality of wheat gluten

Karin Autio (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Normal white wheat flours and especially whole meal flour contain solids from the inner endosperm cell walls, from germ, aleurone layer and the outer layers of cereal grains. These solids can prevent either gluten formation or gas cell structure. The addition of small amounts of pericarp layers (1–2%) to wheat flour had a marked detrimental effect on loaf volume. Microstructural studies indicated that in particular the epicarp hairs appeared to disturb the gas cell structure. The detrimental effects of insoluble cell walls can be prevented by using endoxylanases. It has been shown that some oxidative enzymes, naturally present in flour or added to the dough, will oxidise water-extractable arabinoxylans via ferulic acid bridges, and the resulting arabinoxylan gel will hinder gluten formation. The negative effects of water-unextractable arabinoxylans on gluten yield and rheological properties can be compensated by the addition of ferulic acid. Free ferulic acid can probably prevent arabinoxylan cross-linking via ferulic acid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-635
JournalBiotechnology Advances
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

ferulic acid
Glutens
Flour
Cellular Structures
Cell Wall
Triticum
Cells
Acids
Gases
Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases
Germ Layers
Endosperm
Water
Meals
Gels
Enzymes
arabinoxylan

Keywords

  • Gluten
  • Pericarp
  • Cell walls
  • Xylanase
  • Oxidative enzymes

Cite this

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title = "Effects of cell wall components on the functionality of wheat gluten",
abstract = "Normal white wheat flours and especially whole meal flour contain solids from the inner endosperm cell walls, from germ, aleurone layer and the outer layers of cereal grains. These solids can prevent either gluten formation or gas cell structure. The addition of small amounts of pericarp layers (1–2{\%}) to wheat flour had a marked detrimental effect on loaf volume. Microstructural studies indicated that in particular the epicarp hairs appeared to disturb the gas cell structure. The detrimental effects of insoluble cell walls can be prevented by using endoxylanases. It has been shown that some oxidative enzymes, naturally present in flour or added to the dough, will oxidise water-extractable arabinoxylans via ferulic acid bridges, and the resulting arabinoxylan gel will hinder gluten formation. The negative effects of water-unextractable arabinoxylans on gluten yield and rheological properties can be compensated by the addition of ferulic acid. Free ferulic acid can probably prevent arabinoxylan cross-linking via ferulic acid.",
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Effects of cell wall components on the functionality of wheat gluten. / Autio, Karin (Corresponding Author).

In: Biotechnology Advances, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2006, p. 633-635.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of cell wall components on the functionality of wheat gluten

AU - Autio, Karin

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Normal white wheat flours and especially whole meal flour contain solids from the inner endosperm cell walls, from germ, aleurone layer and the outer layers of cereal grains. These solids can prevent either gluten formation or gas cell structure. The addition of small amounts of pericarp layers (1–2%) to wheat flour had a marked detrimental effect on loaf volume. Microstructural studies indicated that in particular the epicarp hairs appeared to disturb the gas cell structure. The detrimental effects of insoluble cell walls can be prevented by using endoxylanases. It has been shown that some oxidative enzymes, naturally present in flour or added to the dough, will oxidise water-extractable arabinoxylans via ferulic acid bridges, and the resulting arabinoxylan gel will hinder gluten formation. The negative effects of water-unextractable arabinoxylans on gluten yield and rheological properties can be compensated by the addition of ferulic acid. Free ferulic acid can probably prevent arabinoxylan cross-linking via ferulic acid.

AB - Normal white wheat flours and especially whole meal flour contain solids from the inner endosperm cell walls, from germ, aleurone layer and the outer layers of cereal grains. These solids can prevent either gluten formation or gas cell structure. The addition of small amounts of pericarp layers (1–2%) to wheat flour had a marked detrimental effect on loaf volume. Microstructural studies indicated that in particular the epicarp hairs appeared to disturb the gas cell structure. The detrimental effects of insoluble cell walls can be prevented by using endoxylanases. It has been shown that some oxidative enzymes, naturally present in flour or added to the dough, will oxidise water-extractable arabinoxylans via ferulic acid bridges, and the resulting arabinoxylan gel will hinder gluten formation. The negative effects of water-unextractable arabinoxylans on gluten yield and rheological properties can be compensated by the addition of ferulic acid. Free ferulic acid can probably prevent arabinoxylan cross-linking via ferulic acid.

KW - Gluten

KW - Pericarp

KW - Cell walls

KW - Xylanase

KW - Oxidative enzymes

U2 - 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.07.002

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VL - 24

SP - 633

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JO - Biotechnology Advances

JF - Biotechnology Advances

SN - 0734-9750

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