Effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on the cleanability and surface properties of traditional and new surface materials in cattle barns: A laboratory study

Jenni Määttä, Maarit Hellstedt, Risto Kuisma, Hanna-Riitta Kymäläinen, Riitta Mahlberg, Anna-Maija Sjöberg (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cleanability of floorings and feeding surfaces affects the well-being of animals and even food safety. In addition to factors associated with comfort, such as hardness and friction, floorings should withstand strong chemical and mechanical stresses associated with cleaning and use of the flooring. Different modifications and surface coatings have been developed in order to improve the surface properties of concrete. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on cleanability and surface properties of concrete and its coatings and joint materials. In general, the effect of wear on cleanability and surface properties was moderate with the plastic coatings and but clearly greatest with the jointing materials. Treatment with any of the chemical substances tested decreased the cleanability of jointing materials. In general, NaOH affected the contact angles of all surfaces more than acids. Treatment with the alkali improved the cleanability of polyurethane and epoxy coated surfaces. Treatment with lactic acid somewhat improved the cleanability of the epoxy coated surfaces. Mechanical wear decreased the cleanability of all materials but particularly in the case of joints. The results of this laboratory study will be used for selecting materials for a field study in a cattle barn.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalBiosystems Engineering
Volume103
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Surface Properties
barns
Surface properties
cattle
Joints
Mechanical Stress
Polyurethanes
Friction
Food Safety
Hardness
Alkalies
coatings
coating
Plastics
Plastic coatings
Wear of materials
Concretes
Lactic Acid
Food safety
Coatings

Keywords

  • cattle barns
  • dairy barns
  • dairy hygiene
  • piggeries
  • surface hygiene
  • hygiene

Cite this

Määttä, Jenni ; Hellstedt, Maarit ; Kuisma, Risto ; Kymäläinen, Hanna-Riitta ; Mahlberg, Riitta ; Sjöberg, Anna-Maija. / Effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on the cleanability and surface properties of traditional and new surface materials in cattle barns : A laboratory study. In: Biosystems Engineering. 2009 ; Vol. 103, No. 4. pp. 464-473.
@article{15e2a7e860b447b080bb14b8e334c3b0,
title = "Effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on the cleanability and surface properties of traditional and new surface materials in cattle barns: A laboratory study",
abstract = "The cleanability of floorings and feeding surfaces affects the well-being of animals and even food safety. In addition to factors associated with comfort, such as hardness and friction, floorings should withstand strong chemical and mechanical stresses associated with cleaning and use of the flooring. Different modifications and surface coatings have been developed in order to improve the surface properties of concrete. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on cleanability and surface properties of concrete and its coatings and joint materials. In general, the effect of wear on cleanability and surface properties was moderate with the plastic coatings and but clearly greatest with the jointing materials. Treatment with any of the chemical substances tested decreased the cleanability of jointing materials. In general, NaOH affected the contact angles of all surfaces more than acids. Treatment with the alkali improved the cleanability of polyurethane and epoxy coated surfaces. Treatment with lactic acid somewhat improved the cleanability of the epoxy coated surfaces. Mechanical wear decreased the cleanability of all materials but particularly in the case of joints. The results of this laboratory study will be used for selecting materials for a field study in a cattle barn.",
keywords = "cattle barns, dairy barns, dairy hygiene, piggeries, surface hygiene, hygiene",
author = "Jenni M{\"a}{\"a}tt{\"a} and Maarit Hellstedt and Risto Kuisma and Hanna-Riitta Kym{\"a}l{\"a}inen and Riitta Mahlberg and Anna-Maija Sj{\"o}berg",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "464--473",
journal = "Biosystems Engineering",
issn = "1537-5110",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "4",

}

Effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on the cleanability and surface properties of traditional and new surface materials in cattle barns : A laboratory study. / Määttä, Jenni; Hellstedt, Maarit; Kuisma, Risto; Kymäläinen, Hanna-Riitta; Mahlberg, Riitta; Sjöberg, Anna-Maija (Corresponding Author).

In: Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 103, No. 4, 2009, p. 464-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on the cleanability and surface properties of traditional and new surface materials in cattle barns

T2 - A laboratory study

AU - Määttä, Jenni

AU - Hellstedt, Maarit

AU - Kuisma, Risto

AU - Kymäläinen, Hanna-Riitta

AU - Mahlberg, Riitta

AU - Sjöberg, Anna-Maija

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The cleanability of floorings and feeding surfaces affects the well-being of animals and even food safety. In addition to factors associated with comfort, such as hardness and friction, floorings should withstand strong chemical and mechanical stresses associated with cleaning and use of the flooring. Different modifications and surface coatings have been developed in order to improve the surface properties of concrete. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on cleanability and surface properties of concrete and its coatings and joint materials. In general, the effect of wear on cleanability and surface properties was moderate with the plastic coatings and but clearly greatest with the jointing materials. Treatment with any of the chemical substances tested decreased the cleanability of jointing materials. In general, NaOH affected the contact angles of all surfaces more than acids. Treatment with the alkali improved the cleanability of polyurethane and epoxy coated surfaces. Treatment with lactic acid somewhat improved the cleanability of the epoxy coated surfaces. Mechanical wear decreased the cleanability of all materials but particularly in the case of joints. The results of this laboratory study will be used for selecting materials for a field study in a cattle barn.

AB - The cleanability of floorings and feeding surfaces affects the well-being of animals and even food safety. In addition to factors associated with comfort, such as hardness and friction, floorings should withstand strong chemical and mechanical stresses associated with cleaning and use of the flooring. Different modifications and surface coatings have been developed in order to improve the surface properties of concrete. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chemical and mechanical wearing on cleanability and surface properties of concrete and its coatings and joint materials. In general, the effect of wear on cleanability and surface properties was moderate with the plastic coatings and but clearly greatest with the jointing materials. Treatment with any of the chemical substances tested decreased the cleanability of jointing materials. In general, NaOH affected the contact angles of all surfaces more than acids. Treatment with the alkali improved the cleanability of polyurethane and epoxy coated surfaces. Treatment with lactic acid somewhat improved the cleanability of the epoxy coated surfaces. Mechanical wear decreased the cleanability of all materials but particularly in the case of joints. The results of this laboratory study will be used for selecting materials for a field study in a cattle barn.

KW - cattle barns

KW - dairy barns

KW - dairy hygiene

KW - piggeries

KW - surface hygiene

KW - hygiene

U2 - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2009.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 103

SP - 464

EP - 473

JO - Biosystems Engineering

JF - Biosystems Engineering

SN - 1537-5110

IS - 4

ER -