Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions

Juha Luoma, Michael Sivak, Michael, J. Flannagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate whether dedicated stop lamps, in comparison to stop lamps that are functionally combined with tail or turn signals, provide additional safety benefits at night. The analysis compared the frequencies of rear-end collisions in which the vehicles were struck to those collisions in which the same vehicles were the striking ones. The analysis used 1999-2003 Florida and North Carolina crash data. The vehicle sample consisted of 38 passenger car models for the years 1994-2003. Overall, the results include a statistically significant pattern that suggests a beneficial effect of dedicated stop lamps. However, the results are complex and further analyses should be done to better understand the possible effect of dedicated versus combined stop lamps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-165
Number of pages7
JournalLeukos
Volume3
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

luminaires
vehicles
collisions
crashes
passengers
night
safety

Keywords

  • stop lamp
  • brake lamp
  • rear lighting function
  • rear lamp configuration, rear-end collision
  • crash
  • accident

Cite this

Luoma, J., Sivak, M., & Flannagan, M. J. (2006). Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions. Leukos, 3(2), 159-165.
Luoma, Juha ; Sivak, Michael ; Flannagan, Michael, J. / Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions. In: Leukos. 2006 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 159-165.
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Luoma, J, Sivak, M & Flannagan, MJ 2006, 'Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions', Leukos, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 159-165.

Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions. / Luoma, Juha; Sivak, Michael; Flannagan, Michael, J.

In: Leukos, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2006, p. 159-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions

AU - Luoma, Juha

AU - Sivak, Michael

AU - Flannagan, Michael, J.

PY - 2006

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N2 - This study was designed to evaluate whether dedicated stop lamps, in comparison to stop lamps that are functionally combined with tail or turn signals, provide additional safety benefits at night. The analysis compared the frequencies of rear-end collisions in which the vehicles were struck to those collisions in which the same vehicles were the striking ones. The analysis used 1999-2003 Florida and North Carolina crash data. The vehicle sample consisted of 38 passenger car models for the years 1994-2003. Overall, the results include a statistically significant pattern that suggests a beneficial effect of dedicated stop lamps. However, the results are complex and further analyses should be done to better understand the possible effect of dedicated versus combined stop lamps.

AB - This study was designed to evaluate whether dedicated stop lamps, in comparison to stop lamps that are functionally combined with tail or turn signals, provide additional safety benefits at night. The analysis compared the frequencies of rear-end collisions in which the vehicles were struck to those collisions in which the same vehicles were the striking ones. The analysis used 1999-2003 Florida and North Carolina crash data. The vehicle sample consisted of 38 passenger car models for the years 1994-2003. Overall, the results include a statistically significant pattern that suggests a beneficial effect of dedicated stop lamps. However, the results are complex and further analyses should be done to better understand the possible effect of dedicated versus combined stop lamps.

KW - stop lamp

KW - brake lamp

KW - rear lighting function

KW - rear lamp configuration, rear-end collision

KW - crash

KW - accident

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JO - Leukos

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Luoma J, Sivak M, Flannagan MJ. Effects of dedicated stop-lamps on nighttime rear-end collisions. Leukos. 2006;3(2):159-165.