The aim of the present study was to improve the quality of fibre‐enriched wheat breads by enzymic treatment of the fibre fraction. The suitability of different enzymes in fibre‐enriched baking and their effects on the dietary fibre content and the ratio of insoluble: soluble fibre content of the breads were studied. The enzyme preparations used were a hemicellulolytic culture filtrate of Trichoderma reesei, a specific (pI 9) xylanase of T reesei and Fermizyme, an α‐amylase preparation containing a standardised level of hemicellulase activity. Rye bran was extracted in water (10% (w/w) suspension) to determine the solubilities of the β‐glucans and pentosans. Addition of T reesei culture filtrate significantly increased the amount of extractable pentosan obtained from nonautoclaved rye bran. Rye bran supplementation (5%) of wheat flour increased the farinograph absorption and dough development time, but had little or no effect on stability and softening of the dough. The added enzymes decreased dough stability and increased softening. Addition of enzymes caused significant differences in the stickiness of the wheat doughs both with (P<0·003) and without (P<0·001) rye bran. Fermizyme significantly increased the stickiness of wheat doughs both with and without rye bran. The baking results of the fibre‐enriched breads were improved by the added enzymes. Addition of T reesei culture filtrate increased the specific volume of the wheat breads both with and without rye bran by almost 20%. Enzyme mixtures were more efficient than individual xylanase in softening the bread crumb and reducing the staling rate of wheat breads both with and without rye bran. Incorporation of enzymes reduced the total dietary fibre content of the breads, but at least doubled the amount of soluble pentosan. The proportions of fluorescent cell walls in the breads were detected by microscopical image analysis. Enzyme addition caused the surface area of insoluble cell walls originating from wheat flours to decrease, suggesting that the enzymes exert more effects on wheat endorsperm cell walls than on bran particles.
|Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
|Published - 1998
|MoE publication type
|A1 Journal article-refereed