Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel

Jussi Solin, Jouni Alhainen, Ertugrul Karabaki, Wolfgang Mayinger

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Direct strain controlled LCF data for solid specimens is still very rare. In PVP2013-97500 and PVP2014-28465 we reported results for niobium stabilized X6CrNiNb1810mod steel (type 347) fatigued in 325°C and 200°C PWR water according to VGB water chemistry specification. New data in this paper further confirms the conclusions: we are unable to repeat as high Fen factors or short lives as predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. The slowest strain rate used 4-10-6 in 325°C water would predict Fen > 12, i.e. laboratory specimen data below the current ASME design curve, but our results are superior for this steel generally used in German NPP's. However, the difference is not necessarily grade specific. Use of 100% relevant fabricated material batch and standard LCF methodology are regarded to play an important role. Notable hardening can be measured, when long duration holds in elevated temperatures are introduced between blocks of cyclic strains at lower temperatures. This is the case for thermal gradient loaded primary circuit components, e.g. the PWR pressurizer spray lines or surge line, which connects the pressurizer to primary coolant line. In PVP2011-57942 we reported improved endurances in fatigue tests aiming to roughly simulate steady state operation between fatigue transients in such NPP components. New test types have been introduced to generalize the results. Mechanisms of time and temperature dependent relaxation of fatigue damage and/or improvement of material fatigue performance during holds are not yet fully revealed, but the rate controlling thermal activation energy is below shown to be near that for vacancy and interstitial atom diffusion. This allows us to draft a thermodynamic prediction model Improved accuracy of fatigue assessment helps in focusing optimally scheduled nondestructive testing to the most relevant locations and maintaining high level of reliability without excessive cost and radiation doses for inspection personnel. This paper provides previously unpublished experimental results and proposes methods to improve transferability of laboratory test data to fatigue assessment of NPP components. The effects of material, water environment, temperature and service loading patterns are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationCodes and Standards
    PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME
    Number of pages13
    Volume1A
    ISBN (Print)978-0-7918-5035-0
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    EventASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference - Vancouver, Canada
    Duration: 17 Jul 201621 Jul 2016

    Conference

    ConferenceASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
    CountryCanada
    CityVancouver
    Period17/07/1621/07/16

    Fingerprint

    Stainless steel
    Fatigue of materials
    Water
    Temperature
    Steel
    Fatigue damage
    Niobium
    Nondestructive examination
    Coolants
    Thermal gradients
    Dosimetry
    Vacancies
    Hardening
    Strain rate
    Durability
    Activation energy
    Inspection
    Thermodynamics
    Personnel
    Specifications

    Keywords

    • Fatigue
    • Stainless steel
    • Hot Water

    Cite this

    Solin, J., Alhainen, J., Karabaki, E., & Mayinger, W. (2016). Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel. In ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards (Vol. 1A). [PVP2016-63291] American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2016-63291
    Solin, Jussi ; Alhainen, Jouni ; Karabaki, Ertugrul ; Mayinger, Wolfgang. / Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel. ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2016.
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    abstract = "Direct strain controlled LCF data for solid specimens is still very rare. In PVP2013-97500 and PVP2014-28465 we reported results for niobium stabilized X6CrNiNb1810mod steel (type 347) fatigued in 325°C and 200°C PWR water according to VGB water chemistry specification. New data in this paper further confirms the conclusions: we are unable to repeat as high Fen factors or short lives as predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. The slowest strain rate used 4-10-6 in 325°C water would predict Fen > 12, i.e. laboratory specimen data below the current ASME design curve, but our results are superior for this steel generally used in German NPP's. However, the difference is not necessarily grade specific. Use of 100{\%} relevant fabricated material batch and standard LCF methodology are regarded to play an important role. Notable hardening can be measured, when long duration holds in elevated temperatures are introduced between blocks of cyclic strains at lower temperatures. This is the case for thermal gradient loaded primary circuit components, e.g. the PWR pressurizer spray lines or surge line, which connects the pressurizer to primary coolant line. In PVP2011-57942 we reported improved endurances in fatigue tests aiming to roughly simulate steady state operation between fatigue transients in such NPP components. New test types have been introduced to generalize the results. Mechanisms of time and temperature dependent relaxation of fatigue damage and/or improvement of material fatigue performance during holds are not yet fully revealed, but the rate controlling thermal activation energy is below shown to be near that for vacancy and interstitial atom diffusion. This allows us to draft a thermodynamic prediction model Improved accuracy of fatigue assessment helps in focusing optimally scheduled nondestructive testing to the most relevant locations and maintaining high level of reliability without excessive cost and radiation doses for inspection personnel. This paper provides previously unpublished experimental results and proposes methods to improve transferability of laboratory test data to fatigue assessment of NPP components. The effects of material, water environment, temperature and service loading patterns are discussed.",
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    Solin, J, Alhainen, J, Karabaki, E & Mayinger, W 2016, Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel. in ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. vol. 1A, PVP2016-63291, American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Vancouver, Canada, 17/07/16. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2016-63291

    Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel. / Solin, Jussi; Alhainen, Jouni; Karabaki, Ertugrul; Mayinger, Wolfgang.

    ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, 2016. PVP2016-63291.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel

    AU - Solin, Jussi

    AU - Alhainen, Jouni

    AU - Karabaki, Ertugrul

    AU - Mayinger, Wolfgang

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Direct strain controlled LCF data for solid specimens is still very rare. In PVP2013-97500 and PVP2014-28465 we reported results for niobium stabilized X6CrNiNb1810mod steel (type 347) fatigued in 325°C and 200°C PWR water according to VGB water chemistry specification. New data in this paper further confirms the conclusions: we are unable to repeat as high Fen factors or short lives as predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. The slowest strain rate used 4-10-6 in 325°C water would predict Fen > 12, i.e. laboratory specimen data below the current ASME design curve, but our results are superior for this steel generally used in German NPP's. However, the difference is not necessarily grade specific. Use of 100% relevant fabricated material batch and standard LCF methodology are regarded to play an important role. Notable hardening can be measured, when long duration holds in elevated temperatures are introduced between blocks of cyclic strains at lower temperatures. This is the case for thermal gradient loaded primary circuit components, e.g. the PWR pressurizer spray lines or surge line, which connects the pressurizer to primary coolant line. In PVP2011-57942 we reported improved endurances in fatigue tests aiming to roughly simulate steady state operation between fatigue transients in such NPP components. New test types have been introduced to generalize the results. Mechanisms of time and temperature dependent relaxation of fatigue damage and/or improvement of material fatigue performance during holds are not yet fully revealed, but the rate controlling thermal activation energy is below shown to be near that for vacancy and interstitial atom diffusion. This allows us to draft a thermodynamic prediction model Improved accuracy of fatigue assessment helps in focusing optimally scheduled nondestructive testing to the most relevant locations and maintaining high level of reliability without excessive cost and radiation doses for inspection personnel. This paper provides previously unpublished experimental results and proposes methods to improve transferability of laboratory test data to fatigue assessment of NPP components. The effects of material, water environment, temperature and service loading patterns are discussed.

    AB - Direct strain controlled LCF data for solid specimens is still very rare. In PVP2013-97500 and PVP2014-28465 we reported results for niobium stabilized X6CrNiNb1810mod steel (type 347) fatigued in 325°C and 200°C PWR water according to VGB water chemistry specification. New data in this paper further confirms the conclusions: we are unable to repeat as high Fen factors or short lives as predicted according to NUREG/CR-6909. The slowest strain rate used 4-10-6 in 325°C water would predict Fen > 12, i.e. laboratory specimen data below the current ASME design curve, but our results are superior for this steel generally used in German NPP's. However, the difference is not necessarily grade specific. Use of 100% relevant fabricated material batch and standard LCF methodology are regarded to play an important role. Notable hardening can be measured, when long duration holds in elevated temperatures are introduced between blocks of cyclic strains at lower temperatures. This is the case for thermal gradient loaded primary circuit components, e.g. the PWR pressurizer spray lines or surge line, which connects the pressurizer to primary coolant line. In PVP2011-57942 we reported improved endurances in fatigue tests aiming to roughly simulate steady state operation between fatigue transients in such NPP components. New test types have been introduced to generalize the results. Mechanisms of time and temperature dependent relaxation of fatigue damage and/or improvement of material fatigue performance during holds are not yet fully revealed, but the rate controlling thermal activation energy is below shown to be near that for vacancy and interstitial atom diffusion. This allows us to draft a thermodynamic prediction model Improved accuracy of fatigue assessment helps in focusing optimally scheduled nondestructive testing to the most relevant locations and maintaining high level of reliability without excessive cost and radiation doses for inspection personnel. This paper provides previously unpublished experimental results and proposes methods to improve transferability of laboratory test data to fatigue assessment of NPP components. The effects of material, water environment, temperature and service loading patterns are discussed.

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    KW - Stainless steel

    KW - Hot Water

    U2 - 10.1115/PVP2016-63291

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    BT - ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference

    PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME

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    Solin J, Alhainen J, Karabaki E, Mayinger W. Effects of hot water and holds on fatigue of stainless steel. In ASME 2016 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference: Codes and Standards. Vol. 1A. American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. 2016. PVP2016-63291 https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2016-63291