Effects of nonplanar driver-side mirrors on lane-change crashes

Juha Luoma, Michael Flannagan, Michael Sivak

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    In this quasi-experiment, we investigate the effects on lane-change crashes of nonplanar (spherical convex and multiradius) driver-side mirrors compared to planar mirrors. The analysis was based on 1,062 crashes reported from 1987 to 1998 to Finnish insurance companies for vehicles with passenger-side spherical convex mirrors and one of three types of driver-side mirror (planar, spherical convex, or multiradius). The results show that the mean effect of nonplanar mirrors compared to planar mirrors was a statistically significant decrease of 22.9% in lane-change crashes to the driver side. The effects of spherical convex and multiradius mirrors were not statistically different from each other. The nonplanar mirrors were beneficial especially for the high-risk driver groups, as well as for the lane-change situations and environmental conditions in which most lane-change crashes take place in the United States. These findings support the use of nonplanar driver-side mirrors. If drivers have problems with judgments of the speed and distance of approaching vehicles using nonplanar mirrors, the magnitude of this concern seems to be minimal compared to apparent benefits with regard to other mechanisms of lane-change crashes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-289
    Number of pages11
    JournalTransportation Human Factors
    Volume2
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Luoma, Juha ; Flannagan, Michael ; Sivak, Michael. / Effects of nonplanar driver-side mirrors on lane-change crashes. In: Transportation Human Factors. 2001 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 279-289.
    @article{759351734f054e42b94d34a3fac32451,
    title = "Effects of nonplanar driver-side mirrors on lane-change crashes",
    abstract = "In this quasi-experiment, we investigate the effects on lane-change crashes of nonplanar (spherical convex and multiradius) driver-side mirrors compared to planar mirrors. The analysis was based on 1,062 crashes reported from 1987 to 1998 to Finnish insurance companies for vehicles with passenger-side spherical convex mirrors and one of three types of driver-side mirror (planar, spherical convex, or multiradius). The results show that the mean effect of nonplanar mirrors compared to planar mirrors was a statistically significant decrease of 22.9{\%} in lane-change crashes to the driver side. The effects of spherical convex and multiradius mirrors were not statistically different from each other. The nonplanar mirrors were beneficial especially for the high-risk driver groups, as well as for the lane-change situations and environmental conditions in which most lane-change crashes take place in the United States. These findings support the use of nonplanar driver-side mirrors. If drivers have problems with judgments of the speed and distance of approaching vehicles using nonplanar mirrors, the magnitude of this concern seems to be minimal compared to apparent benefits with regard to other mechanisms of lane-change crashes.",
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    Effects of nonplanar driver-side mirrors on lane-change crashes. / Luoma, Juha; Flannagan, Michael; Sivak, Michael.

    In: Transportation Human Factors, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2001, p. 279-289.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Luoma, Juha

    AU - Flannagan, Michael

    AU - Sivak, Michael

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    N2 - In this quasi-experiment, we investigate the effects on lane-change crashes of nonplanar (spherical convex and multiradius) driver-side mirrors compared to planar mirrors. The analysis was based on 1,062 crashes reported from 1987 to 1998 to Finnish insurance companies for vehicles with passenger-side spherical convex mirrors and one of three types of driver-side mirror (planar, spherical convex, or multiradius). The results show that the mean effect of nonplanar mirrors compared to planar mirrors was a statistically significant decrease of 22.9% in lane-change crashes to the driver side. The effects of spherical convex and multiradius mirrors were not statistically different from each other. The nonplanar mirrors were beneficial especially for the high-risk driver groups, as well as for the lane-change situations and environmental conditions in which most lane-change crashes take place in the United States. These findings support the use of nonplanar driver-side mirrors. If drivers have problems with judgments of the speed and distance of approaching vehicles using nonplanar mirrors, the magnitude of this concern seems to be minimal compared to apparent benefits with regard to other mechanisms of lane-change crashes.

    AB - In this quasi-experiment, we investigate the effects on lane-change crashes of nonplanar (spherical convex and multiradius) driver-side mirrors compared to planar mirrors. The analysis was based on 1,062 crashes reported from 1987 to 1998 to Finnish insurance companies for vehicles with passenger-side spherical convex mirrors and one of three types of driver-side mirror (planar, spherical convex, or multiradius). The results show that the mean effect of nonplanar mirrors compared to planar mirrors was a statistically significant decrease of 22.9% in lane-change crashes to the driver side. The effects of spherical convex and multiradius mirrors were not statistically different from each other. The nonplanar mirrors were beneficial especially for the high-risk driver groups, as well as for the lane-change situations and environmental conditions in which most lane-change crashes take place in the United States. These findings support the use of nonplanar driver-side mirrors. If drivers have problems with judgments of the speed and distance of approaching vehicles using nonplanar mirrors, the magnitude of this concern seems to be minimal compared to apparent benefits with regard to other mechanisms of lane-change crashes.

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