Effects of physical and chemical properties of diesel fuel on NOx emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines

Nils Olof Nylund, Päivi Aakko, Seppo Mikkonen, Aapo Niemi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In a diesel engine, both physical and chemical properties of the fuel affect exhaust emissions. This study focused on the separation of some physical and chemical effects of the fuel on the NOx emission. The tests were conducted with a bus engine using four diesel fuels with different density and aromatics levels. The measurements were performed using five injection timing settings to screen the effects of changes in actual injection timing. When conventional diesel fuel was replaced by reformulated diesel, NOx was reduced 7-13 %. Changes in the injection timing due to differences in the physical properties accounted only for a minor part (10-25 % relative) of the total reduction of NOx, whereas the greater part of the reduction (75-90 % relative) was due to other reasons, mainly fuel chemical properties.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number972997
    JournalSAE Technical Paper Series
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1997
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    EventInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Tulsa, OK, United States
    Duration: 13 Oct 199716 Oct 1997

    Fingerprint

    Diesel fuels
    Chemical properties
    Diesel engines
    Physical properties
    Engines

    Cite this

    @article{8e60fa9dc8ff40de9759c6daec16feb5,
    title = "Effects of physical and chemical properties of diesel fuel on NOx emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines",
    abstract = "In a diesel engine, both physical and chemical properties of the fuel affect exhaust emissions. This study focused on the separation of some physical and chemical effects of the fuel on the NOx emission. The tests were conducted with a bus engine using four diesel fuels with different density and aromatics levels. The measurements were performed using five injection timing settings to screen the effects of changes in actual injection timing. When conventional diesel fuel was replaced by reformulated diesel, NOx was reduced 7-13 {\%}. Changes in the injection timing due to differences in the physical properties accounted only for a minor part (10-25 {\%} relative) of the total reduction of NOx, whereas the greater part of the reduction (75-90 {\%} relative) was due to other reasons, mainly fuel chemical properties.",
    author = "Nylund, {Nils Olof} and P{\"a}ivi Aakko and Seppo Mikkonen and Aapo Niemi",
    year = "1997",
    month = "12",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.4271/972997",
    language = "English",
    journal = "SAE Technical Paper Series",
    issn = "0148-7191",
    publisher = "Society of Automotive Engineers SAE",

    }

    Effects of physical and chemical properties of diesel fuel on NOx emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines. / Nylund, Nils Olof; Aakko, Päivi; Mikkonen, Seppo; Niemi, Aapo.

    In: SAE Technical Paper Series, 01.12.1997.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Effects of physical and chemical properties of diesel fuel on NOx emissions of heavy-duty diesel engines

    AU - Nylund, Nils Olof

    AU - Aakko, Päivi

    AU - Mikkonen, Seppo

    AU - Niemi, Aapo

    PY - 1997/12/1

    Y1 - 1997/12/1

    N2 - In a diesel engine, both physical and chemical properties of the fuel affect exhaust emissions. This study focused on the separation of some physical and chemical effects of the fuel on the NOx emission. The tests were conducted with a bus engine using four diesel fuels with different density and aromatics levels. The measurements were performed using five injection timing settings to screen the effects of changes in actual injection timing. When conventional diesel fuel was replaced by reformulated diesel, NOx was reduced 7-13 %. Changes in the injection timing due to differences in the physical properties accounted only for a minor part (10-25 % relative) of the total reduction of NOx, whereas the greater part of the reduction (75-90 % relative) was due to other reasons, mainly fuel chemical properties.

    AB - In a diesel engine, both physical and chemical properties of the fuel affect exhaust emissions. This study focused on the separation of some physical and chemical effects of the fuel on the NOx emission. The tests were conducted with a bus engine using four diesel fuels with different density and aromatics levels. The measurements were performed using five injection timing settings to screen the effects of changes in actual injection timing. When conventional diesel fuel was replaced by reformulated diesel, NOx was reduced 7-13 %. Changes in the injection timing due to differences in the physical properties accounted only for a minor part (10-25 % relative) of the total reduction of NOx, whereas the greater part of the reduction (75-90 % relative) was due to other reasons, mainly fuel chemical properties.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877510554&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.4271/972997

    DO - 10.4271/972997

    M3 - Article

    JO - SAE Technical Paper Series

    JF - SAE Technical Paper Series

    SN - 0148-7191

    M1 - 972997

    ER -