Effects of Surfactants on the Preparation of Nanocellulose-PLA Composites

Kirsi Immonen (Corresponding Author), Panu Lahtinen, Jaakko Pere

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)


    Thermoplastic composite materials containing wood fibers are gaining increasing interest in the manufacturing industry. One approach is to use nano- or micro-size cellulosic fibrils as additives and to improve the mechanical properties obtainable with only small fibril loadings by exploiting the high aspect ratio and surface area of nanocellulose. In this study, we used four different wood cellulose-based materials in a thermoplastic polylactide (PLA) matrix: cellulose nanofibrils produced from softwood kraft pulp (CNF) and dissolving pulp (CNFSD), enzymatically prepared high-consistency nanocellulose (HefCel) and microcellulose (MC) together with long alkyl chain dispersion-improving agents. We observed increased impact strength with HefCel and MC addition of 5% and increased tensile strength with CNF addition of 3%. The addition of a reactive dispersion agent, epoxy-modified linseed oil, was found to be favorable in combination with HefCel and MC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number91
    Number of pages13
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible


    • PLA
    • composites
    • nanocellulose
    • wood fiber composites
    • wood fibers
    • wood polymer composites


    Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Surfactants on the Preparation of Nanocellulose-PLA Composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this