Effects of turbine technology and land use on wind power resource potential

Erkka Rinne (Corresponding Author), Hannele Holttinen, Juha Kiviluoma, Simo Rissanen

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83 Citations (Scopus)
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Estimates of wind power potential are relevant for decision-making in energy policy and business. Such estimates are affected by several uncertain assumptions, most significantly related to wind turbine technology and land use. Here, we calculate the technical and economic onshore wind power potentials with the aim to evaluate the impact of such assumptions using the case-study area of Finland as an example. We show that the assumptions regarding turbine technology and land use policy are highly significant for the potential estimate. Modern turbines with lower specific ratings and greater hub heights improve the wind power potential considerably, even though it was assumed that the larger rotors decrease the installation density and increase the turbine investment costs. New technology also decreases the impact of strict land use policies. Uncertainty in estimating the cost of wind power technology limits the accuracy of assessing economic wind power potential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-500
JournalNature Energy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • energy infrastructure
  • energy modelling
  • wind energy


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