Efficiency of thermal outgassing for tritium retention measurement and removal in ITER

G. De Temmerman, M.J. Baldwin, D. Anthoine, K. Heinola, A. Jan, I. Jepu, J. Likonen, C.P. Lungu, C. Porosnicu, R.A. Pitts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As a licensed nuclear facility, ITER must limit the in-vessel tritium (T) retention to reduce the risks of potential release during accidents, the inventory limit being set at 1. kg. Simulations and extrapolations from existing experiments indicate that T-retention in ITER will mainly be driven by co-deposition with beryllium (Be) eroded from the first wall, with co-deposits forming mainly in the divertor region but also possibly on the first wall itself. A pulsed Laser-Induced Desorption (LID) system, called Tritium Monitor, is being designed to locally measure the T-retention in co-deposits forming on the inner divertor baffle of ITER. Regarding tritium removal, the baseline strategy is to perform baking of the plasma-facing components, at 513. K for the FW and 623. K for the divertor. Both baking and laser desorption rely on the thermal desorption of tritium from the surface, the efficiency of which remains unclear for thick (and possibly impure) co-deposits. This contribution reports on the results of TMAP7 studies of this efficiency for ITER-relevant deposits.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)267-272
    Number of pages6
    JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
    Volume12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Tritium
    outgassing
    Degassing
    tritium
    Deposits
    deposits
    baking
    desorption
    Desorption
    Beryllium
    Facings
    Thermal desorption
    baffles
    accidents
    beryllium
    Pulsed lasers
    Extrapolation
    vessels
    monitors
    extrapolation

    Keywords

    • Tritium retention
    • ITER
    • divertor
    • outgassing

    Cite this

    De Temmerman, G., Baldwin, M. J., Anthoine, D., Heinola, K., Jan, A., Jepu, I., ... Pitts, R. A. (2017). Efficiency of thermal outgassing for tritium retention measurement and removal in ITER. Nuclear Materials and Energy, 12, 267-272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2016.10.016
    De Temmerman, G. ; Baldwin, M.J. ; Anthoine, D. ; Heinola, K. ; Jan, A. ; Jepu, I. ; Likonen, J. ; Lungu, C.P. ; Porosnicu, C. ; Pitts, R.A. / Efficiency of thermal outgassing for tritium retention measurement and removal in ITER. In: Nuclear Materials and Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 12. pp. 267-272.
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    abstract = "As a licensed nuclear facility, ITER must limit the in-vessel tritium (T) retention to reduce the risks of potential release during accidents, the inventory limit being set at 1. kg. Simulations and extrapolations from existing experiments indicate that T-retention in ITER will mainly be driven by co-deposition with beryllium (Be) eroded from the first wall, with co-deposits forming mainly in the divertor region but also possibly on the first wall itself. A pulsed Laser-Induced Desorption (LID) system, called Tritium Monitor, is being designed to locally measure the T-retention in co-deposits forming on the inner divertor baffle of ITER. Regarding tritium removal, the baseline strategy is to perform baking of the plasma-facing components, at 513. K for the FW and 623. K for the divertor. Both baking and laser desorption rely on the thermal desorption of tritium from the surface, the efficiency of which remains unclear for thick (and possibly impure) co-deposits. This contribution reports on the results of TMAP7 studies of this efficiency for ITER-relevant deposits.",
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    De Temmerman, G, Baldwin, MJ, Anthoine, D, Heinola, K, Jan, A, Jepu, I, Likonen, J, Lungu, CP, Porosnicu, C & Pitts, RA 2017, 'Efficiency of thermal outgassing for tritium retention measurement and removal in ITER', Nuclear Materials and Energy, vol. 12, pp. 267-272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2016.10.016

    Efficiency of thermal outgassing for tritium retention measurement and removal in ITER. / De Temmerman, G.; Baldwin, M.J.; Anthoine, D.; Heinola, K.; Jan, A.; Jepu, I.; Likonen, J.; Lungu, C.P.; Porosnicu, C.; Pitts, R.A.

    In: Nuclear Materials and Energy, Vol. 12, 01.08.2017, p. 267-272.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Jan, A.

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    AU - Porosnicu, C.

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