Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test

Teemu Halmeaho, Pekka Rahkola, Ari-Pekka Pellikka, Sami Ruotsalainen, Kari Tammi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Battery electric city bus model has been created and the simulation results compared against the measured results from the full scale city bus developed for heavy vehicle research. The model utilizes multi-physics modelling approach with multiple-domains from friction-tyre and transmission model to electrical drive and a simplified battery model. The modelled and measured motor torque, current and voltages in the battery and inverter and the bus speed were compared under a driving cycle based on a local bus line. The simulated results were in good agreement with the experimental measured results; the error between the simulated and measured energy consumption was 1.4 %. The measured average energy consumption was 0.581 kWh/km while the simulation estimated 0.589 kWh/km.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationVehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Pages1-6
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-7637-2, 978-1-4673-7636-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2015
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event2015 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference - Montreal, Canada
    Duration: 19 Oct 201522 Oct 2015

    Conference

    Conference2015 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference
    Abbreviated titleVPPC
    CountryCanada
    CityMontreal
    Period19/10/1522/10/15

    Fingerprint

    Dynamometers
    Energy utilization
    Electric batteries
    Torque motors
    Tires
    Physics
    Friction
    Electric potential

    Keywords

    • simulation
    • measurement
    • bus
    • battery
    • electric
    • heavy
    • vehicle

    Cite this

    Halmeaho, T., Rahkola, P., Pellikka, A-P., Ruotsalainen, S., & Tammi, K. (2015). Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test. In Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE (pp. 1-6). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2015.7352942
    Halmeaho, Teemu ; Rahkola, Pekka ; Pellikka, Ari-Pekka ; Ruotsalainen, Sami ; Tammi, Kari. / Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test. Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2015. pp. 1-6
    @inproceedings{fbc396a7dc9140ad8457b0338d4c586d,
    title = "Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test",
    abstract = "Battery electric city bus model has been created and the simulation results compared against the measured results from the full scale city bus developed for heavy vehicle research. The model utilizes multi-physics modelling approach with multiple-domains from friction-tyre and transmission model to electrical drive and a simplified battery model. The modelled and measured motor torque, current and voltages in the battery and inverter and the bus speed were compared under a driving cycle based on a local bus line. The simulated results were in good agreement with the experimental measured results; the error between the simulated and measured energy consumption was 1.4 {\%}. The measured average energy consumption was 0.581 kWh/km while the simulation estimated 0.589 kWh/km.",
    keywords = "simulation, measurement, bus, battery, electric, heavy, vehicle",
    author = "Teemu Halmeaho and Pekka Rahkola and Ari-Pekka Pellikka and Sami Ruotsalainen and Kari Tammi",
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    Halmeaho, T, Rahkola, P, Pellikka, A-P, Ruotsalainen, S & Tammi, K 2015, Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test. in Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , pp. 1-6, 2015 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, Montreal, Canada, 19/10/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2015.7352942

    Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test. / Halmeaho, Teemu; Rahkola, Pekka; Pellikka, Ari-Pekka; Ruotsalainen, Sami; Tammi, Kari.

    Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2015. p. 1-6.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Rahkola, Pekka

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    AU - Tammi, Kari

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    AB - Battery electric city bus model has been created and the simulation results compared against the measured results from the full scale city bus developed for heavy vehicle research. The model utilizes multi-physics modelling approach with multiple-domains from friction-tyre and transmission model to electrical drive and a simplified battery model. The modelled and measured motor torque, current and voltages in the battery and inverter and the bus speed were compared under a driving cycle based on a local bus line. The simulated results were in good agreement with the experimental measured results; the error between the simulated and measured energy consumption was 1.4 %. The measured average energy consumption was 0.581 kWh/km while the simulation estimated 0.589 kWh/km.

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    KW - heavy

    KW - vehicle

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    Halmeaho T, Rahkola P, Pellikka A-P, Ruotsalainen S, Tammi K. Electric City Bus Energy Flow Model and Its Validation by Dynamometer Test. In Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2015 IEEE. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2015. p. 1-6 https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2015.7352942