Electrical agglomeration of aerosol particles in an alternating electric field

Jukka Hautanen, Markku Kilpeläinen, Esko I. Kauppinen, Kari Lehtinen, Jorma Jokiniemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


A laboratory scale test system has been designed and constructed to study the electrical agglomeration of charged aerosol particles as a method to increase the fine particle collection efficiency of electrostatic precipitators. The system consists of test aerosol generator, aerosol charger, agglomerator chambers, and aerosol measurement equipment. Air atomizing nozzles and the TSI six-jet atomizer have been used as the test particle generators. The test particles have been charged by a corona discharge. Two types of agglomerator chambers have been investigated. In one agglomerator the gas flows between two parallel plates, across which the alternating high voltage is applied. The other agglomerator is a quadrupole structure with cylindrical electrodes positioned between the grounded plates. Particle concentration and size distribution measurements have been carried out downstream of the agglomerator with agglomerator voltage on and off. Particle concentrations and size distributions have been measured with differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and a Berner low pressure impactor. These measurements show that agglomeration causes about a 4%-8% decrease in the fine particle concentration when the total mass concentration is between 1 and 2 g/m3. There was no difference between the results measured with the parallel plate and the quadrupole agglomerator.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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