Electrospinning of Natural Polymers

Pirjo Heikkilä, Jaakko Pere, Anna Suurnäkki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Electrospinning can be used in preparation of sub-micron and nanosized fibres. Wide variety of polymers can be used in electrospinning, but natural polymers has proven often to be more challenging compared to synthetic materials. Typical problems concerning natural materials are finding of applicable solvent, low molecular weight, contracted molecular conformation in solution, and charged groups in their structures. In this study electrospinning trials were carried out using three natural polymers. These materials included cellulose, lignin and milk proteins (casein). Electrospinnability of these natural materials were enhanced by chemical modification of polymer, adjusting the electrospinning conditions including different solvents and using auxiliary polymer. Electrospun fibres were obtained with these three polymers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAutex 2012 book of proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event12th AUTEX World Textile Conference - Zadar, Croatia
Duration: 13 Jun 201215 Jun 2012

Conference

Conference12th AUTEX World Textile Conference
CountryCroatia
CityZadar
Period13/06/1215/06/12

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Keywords

  • electrospinning
  • natural polymers
  • cellulose
  • lignin
  • casein

Cite this

Heikkilä, P., Pere, J., & Suurnäkki, A. (2012). Electrospinning of Natural Polymers. In Autex 2012 book of proceedings