Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles

Kimmo Erkkilä, Nils-Olof Nylund, Tuomo Hulkkonen, Aki Tilli, Seppo Mikkonen, Pirjo Saikkonen, Reijo Mäkinen, Arno Amberla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When switching from regular diesel fuel (sulfur free) to paraffinic hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), the changes in fuel chemistry and physical properties will affect emission characteristics in a very positive way. The effects also depend on the technology, after-treatment and sophistication of the engine. To determine the real effects in the case of city buses, 17 typical buses, representing emission classes from Euro II to EEV, were measured with HVO, regular diesel and several blended fuels. The average reduction was 10% for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 30% for particulate matter (PM). Also some engine tests were performed to demonstrate the potential for additional performance benefits when fuel injection timing was optimized for HVO.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSAE Technical Paper Series
Issue number2011-01-1966
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Vegetable oils
Fuel oils
Diesel fuels
Engines
Fuel injection
Nitrogen oxides
Sulfur
Physical properties

Keywords

  • Paraffinic renewable diesel
  • emission performance

Cite this

Erkkilä, K., Nylund, N-O., Hulkkonen, T., Tilli, A., Mikkonen, S., Saikkonen, P., ... Amberla, A. (2011). Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles. SAE Technical Paper Series, (2011-01-1966). https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1966
Erkkilä, Kimmo ; Nylund, Nils-Olof ; Hulkkonen, Tuomo ; Tilli, Aki ; Mikkonen, Seppo ; Saikkonen, Pirjo ; Mäkinen, Reijo ; Amberla, Arno. / Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles. In: SAE Technical Paper Series. 2011 ; No. 2011-01-1966.
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abstract = "When switching from regular diesel fuel (sulfur free) to paraffinic hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), the changes in fuel chemistry and physical properties will affect emission characteristics in a very positive way. The effects also depend on the technology, after-treatment and sophistication of the engine. To determine the real effects in the case of city buses, 17 typical buses, representing emission classes from Euro II to EEV, were measured with HVO, regular diesel and several blended fuels. The average reduction was 10{\%} for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 30{\%} for particulate matter (PM). Also some engine tests were performed to demonstrate the potential for additional performance benefits when fuel injection timing was optimized for HVO.",
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author = "Kimmo Erkkil{\"a} and Nils-Olof Nylund and Tuomo Hulkkonen and Aki Tilli and Seppo Mikkonen and Pirjo Saikkonen and Reijo M{\"a}kinen and Arno Amberla",
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Erkkilä, K, Nylund, N-O, Hulkkonen, T, Tilli, A, Mikkonen, S, Saikkonen, P, Mäkinen, R & Amberla, A 2011, 'Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles', SAE Technical Paper Series, no. 2011-01-1966. https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-1966

Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles. / Erkkilä, Kimmo; Nylund, Nils-Olof; Hulkkonen, Tuomo; Tilli, Aki; Mikkonen, Seppo; Saikkonen, Pirjo; Mäkinen, Reijo; Amberla, Arno.

In: SAE Technical Paper Series, No. 2011-01-1966, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emission performance of paraffinic HVO diesel fuel in heavy duty vehicles

AU - Erkkilä, Kimmo

AU - Nylund, Nils-Olof

AU - Hulkkonen, Tuomo

AU - Tilli, Aki

AU - Mikkonen, Seppo

AU - Saikkonen, Pirjo

AU - Mäkinen, Reijo

AU - Amberla, Arno

N1 - Project code: 38017-1.5

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - When switching from regular diesel fuel (sulfur free) to paraffinic hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), the changes in fuel chemistry and physical properties will affect emission characteristics in a very positive way. The effects also depend on the technology, after-treatment and sophistication of the engine. To determine the real effects in the case of city buses, 17 typical buses, representing emission classes from Euro II to EEV, were measured with HVO, regular diesel and several blended fuels. The average reduction was 10% for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 30% for particulate matter (PM). Also some engine tests were performed to demonstrate the potential for additional performance benefits when fuel injection timing was optimized for HVO.

AB - When switching from regular diesel fuel (sulfur free) to paraffinic hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), the changes in fuel chemistry and physical properties will affect emission characteristics in a very positive way. The effects also depend on the technology, after-treatment and sophistication of the engine. To determine the real effects in the case of city buses, 17 typical buses, representing emission classes from Euro II to EEV, were measured with HVO, regular diesel and several blended fuels. The average reduction was 10% for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 30% for particulate matter (PM). Also some engine tests were performed to demonstrate the potential for additional performance benefits when fuel injection timing was optimized for HVO.

KW - Paraffinic renewable diesel

KW - emission performance

U2 - 10.4271/2011-01-1966

DO - 10.4271/2011-01-1966

M3 - Article

JO - SAE Technical Paper Series

JF - SAE Technical Paper Series

SN - 0148-7191

IS - 2011-01-1966

ER -