Enabling Flexible Manufacturing Systems By Using Level Of Automation As Design Parameter

Björn Johansson, Åsa Fasth, Johan Stahre, Juhani Heilala, Swee Leong, Y.Tina Lee, Frank Riddick

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)


    Handling flexibility in an ever changing manufacturing environment is one of the key challenges for a successful industry. By using tools for virtual manufacturing, industries can analyze and predict outcomes of changes before taking action to change the real manufacturing systems. This paper describes a simulation tool that can be used to study the effect of level of automation issues on the design of manufacturing systems, including their effect on the overall system performance, ergonomics, environment, and economic measures. Determining a suitable level of automation can provide a manufacturing system with the flexibility needed to respond to the unpredictable events that occur in factory systems such as machine failures, lack of quality, lack of materials, lack of resources, etc. In addition, this tool is designed to use emerging simulation standards, allowing it to provide a neutral interface for both upstream and downstream data sources.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2009 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 09
    EditorsM.D. Rossetti
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-5772-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event2009 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 09 - Austin, United States
    Duration: 13 Sept 200916 Sept 2009


    Conference2009 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 09
    Abbreviated titleWSC 09
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


    • level of automation
    • manufacturing system design


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