Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC

Heli Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, Seppo Horsmanheimo, Artjom Grudnitsky, Martti Moisio, Zexian Li, Mikko A. Uusitalo, Dragan Samardzija, Teemu Härkönen, Pekka Yli-Paunu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Automated Rubber-Tyred Gantry cranes, AutoRTGs, are in many cases replacing manually operated cranes in day-to-day operations at harbor container terminals. The automated systems provide significant benefits by improving operational efficiency and predictability as well as enabling safer working environment. The crane operations are remotely controlled or automatic under supervision of the operator. The remote control, supervision and safety set extremely strict requirements for the communication between the cranes and the control room. This paper studies the potentials to use wireless, especially 4G and 5G ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) link as a replacement for a cable reel of an AutoRTG. The key research question is whether these technologies can fulfil the reliability and low latency requirements for safety and remote control operations. As a research method, this paper introduces extensive lab measurements, system simulations, and a field-test trial to validate the system and communication performance. Based on our study, 5G URLLC is capable to support the studied use cases.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings
PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
Pages403-408
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-3627-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-3628-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event2019 IEEE 2nd 5G World Forum (5GWF) - Dresden, Germany
Duration: 30 Sep 20192 Oct 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE 2nd 5G World Forum (5GWF)
Period30/09/192/10/19

Fingerprint

Cranes
Ports and harbors
Automation
Remote control
Communication
Gantry cranes
Telecommunication links
Containers
Rubber
Cables

Keywords

  • 5G mobile communications
  • Safety
  • Cranes
  • Container
  • Reliability
  • Remote control
  • Wireless communication
  • 5G URLLC
  • QoS
  • One-way latency
  • Simulation
  • Harbor automation
  • Port
  • AutoRTG

Cite this

Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, H., Horsmanheimo, S., Grudnitsky, A., Moisio, M., Li, Z., Uusitalo, M. A., ... Yli-Paunu, P. (2019). Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC. In IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings (pp. 403-408). [8911736] IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/5GWF.2019.8911736
Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, Heli ; Horsmanheimo, Seppo ; Grudnitsky, Artjom ; Moisio, Martti ; Li, Zexian ; Uusitalo, Mikko A. ; Samardzija, Dragan ; Härkönen, Teemu ; Yli-Paunu, Pekka. / Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC. IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2019. pp. 403-408
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abstract = "Automated Rubber-Tyred Gantry cranes, AutoRTGs, are in many cases replacing manually operated cranes in day-to-day operations at harbor container terminals. The automated systems provide significant benefits by improving operational efficiency and predictability as well as enabling safer working environment. The crane operations are remotely controlled or automatic under supervision of the operator. The remote control, supervision and safety set extremely strict requirements for the communication between the cranes and the control room. This paper studies the potentials to use wireless, especially 4G and 5G ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) link as a replacement for a cable reel of an AutoRTG. The key research question is whether these technologies can fulfil the reliability and low latency requirements for safety and remote control operations. As a research method, this paper introduces extensive lab measurements, system simulations, and a field-test trial to validate the system and communication performance. Based on our study, 5G URLLC is capable to support the studied use cases.",
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author = "Heli Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen and Seppo Horsmanheimo and Artjom Grudnitsky and Martti Moisio and Zexian Li and Uusitalo, {Mikko A.} and Dragan Samardzija and Teemu H{\"a}rk{\"o}nen and Pekka Yli-Paunu",
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Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, H, Horsmanheimo, S, Grudnitsky, A, Moisio, M, Li, Z, Uusitalo, MA, Samardzija, D, Härkönen, T & Yli-Paunu, P 2019, Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC. in IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings., 8911736, IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , pp. 403-408, 2019 IEEE 2nd 5G World Forum (5GWF), 30/09/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/5GWF.2019.8911736

Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC. / Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, Heli; Horsmanheimo, Seppo; Grudnitsky, Artjom; Moisio, Martti; Li, Zexian; Uusitalo, Mikko A.; Samardzija, Dragan; Härkönen, Teemu; Yli-Paunu, Pekka.

IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2019. p. 403-408 8911736.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen, Heli

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AU - Grudnitsky, Artjom

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AU - Li, Zexian

AU - Uusitalo, Mikko A.

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AU - Härkönen, Teemu

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N2 - Automated Rubber-Tyred Gantry cranes, AutoRTGs, are in many cases replacing manually operated cranes in day-to-day operations at harbor container terminals. The automated systems provide significant benefits by improving operational efficiency and predictability as well as enabling safer working environment. The crane operations are remotely controlled or automatic under supervision of the operator. The remote control, supervision and safety set extremely strict requirements for the communication between the cranes and the control room. This paper studies the potentials to use wireless, especially 4G and 5G ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) link as a replacement for a cable reel of an AutoRTG. The key research question is whether these technologies can fulfil the reliability and low latency requirements for safety and remote control operations. As a research method, this paper introduces extensive lab measurements, system simulations, and a field-test trial to validate the system and communication performance. Based on our study, 5G URLLC is capable to support the studied use cases.

AB - Automated Rubber-Tyred Gantry cranes, AutoRTGs, are in many cases replacing manually operated cranes in day-to-day operations at harbor container terminals. The automated systems provide significant benefits by improving operational efficiency and predictability as well as enabling safer working environment. The crane operations are remotely controlled or automatic under supervision of the operator. The remote control, supervision and safety set extremely strict requirements for the communication between the cranes and the control room. This paper studies the potentials to use wireless, especially 4G and 5G ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) link as a replacement for a cable reel of an AutoRTG. The key research question is whether these technologies can fulfil the reliability and low latency requirements for safety and remote control operations. As a research method, this paper introduces extensive lab measurements, system simulations, and a field-test trial to validate the system and communication performance. Based on our study, 5G URLLC is capable to support the studied use cases.

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SN - 978-1-7281-3628-8

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BT - IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings

PB - IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

ER -

Kokkoniemi-tarkkanen H, Horsmanheimo S, Grudnitsky A, Moisio M, Li Z, Uusitalo MA et al. Enabling Safe Wireless Harbor Automation via 5G URLLC. In IEEE 5G World Forum, 5GWF 2019 - Conference Proceedings. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2019. p. 403-408. 8911736 https://doi.org/10.1109/5GWF.2019.8911736