End-winding vibrations caused by steady-state magnetic forces in an induction machine

Ranran Lin, Antti Laiho, Ari Haavisto, Antero Arkkio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


We conducted a 3-D electromagnetic analysis coupled with a 3-D mechanical analysis to analyze end-winding vibrations and deformation in an induction machine caused by steady-state magnetic forces on the end winding. Both the analyses were based on the finite-element method. The electromagnetic analysis was used to calculate magnetic forces. During the mechanical analysis, complex support structures in the end region were simplified. We first updated and validated the mechanical model according to a modal model obtained from a modal test, and afterward analyzed deformation, vibrations, and stresses. According to the analysis, the shape of the rotary dynamic deformation of the end winding caused by dynamic forces is similar to the most excitable mode shape though the natural frequency of that mode is much higher than the excitation frequency. The static deformation caused by static forces tends to expand the coil ends outward. Under both types of deformation, the nose portion of the coil ends experiences larger displacement, but von Mises stresses are larger mainly in the knuckle portion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2665-2674
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • End winding
  • Finite-element method
  • Magnetic force
  • Modal testing
  • Vibration


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