Energy and primary energy use, as well as the CO2 equivalent emissions of different design options

Miimu Airaksinen (Corresponding Author), Pellervo Matilainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    In Europe the building sector accounts for a large part of the primary energy use, which results in CO2 ekv emission and a negative environmental impact. In the context of sustainable development, buildings should be constructed with adequate occupant comfort, limited natural resource use and low environmental impact, seen over the entire life cycle. Buildings themselves are “problematic” since their production process is complicated, and the life span is long and the future phases are always based on assumptions. This paper studies a new office building in the design phase and different alternatives to influence the CO2 ekv emissions and primary energy use. The calculations presented in this paper include building material, building process and energy use of the building.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)37-42
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Energy efficiency
    • CO2 ekv emissions from energy use and materials
    • primary energy


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