Energy-consumption and economic analysis of group and building substation systems : a case study of the reformation of the district heating system in China

Peng Wang (Corresponding Author), Kari Sipilä

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Group substations have dominated district heating (DH) systems in China so far. In order to explore the applicability of building substations to DH systems in China, the case study has been carried out in Ulanhot, by comprehensively comparing the energy consumptions and costs of group and building substation systems. Firstly, building simulation is used to help design the substations and DH networks, and analyze the operation considering variable flow and holiday control, which revealed the energy-saving advantages and flexibility of the building substation system. Secondly, the structure of the outdoor network in the building substation system is redesigned using the results of building simulation. Then, the total energy consumption of the group and building substation systems, including heating energy, pumping energy, and heat loss, is simulated and compared, considering the regulation of the water temperature. According to the operation data of the group substation system in the last two heating periods, the relative error of the simulated total energy was-6.8%. Finally, the annual cost method is employed for the economic analysis, which shows the superiority of the building substation system with annual cost reductions ranging between 5.7 and 5.9% for a lifetime range of 10-30 years.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1139-1147
    JournalRenewable Energy
    Volume87
    Issue numberPart 3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    District heating
    Economic analysis
    Energy utilization
    Heating
    Cost reduction
    Heat losses
    Costs
    Energy dissipation
    Energy conservation
    Water
    Temperature

    Keywords

    • building simulation
    • distric heating
    • district heating
    • economic analysis
    • energy consumption
    • substation

    Cite this

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    title = "Energy-consumption and economic analysis of group and building substation systems : a case study of the reformation of the district heating system in China",
    abstract = "Group substations have dominated district heating (DH) systems in China so far. In order to explore the applicability of building substations to DH systems in China, the case study has been carried out in Ulanhot, by comprehensively comparing the energy consumptions and costs of group and building substation systems. Firstly, building simulation is used to help design the substations and DH networks, and analyze the operation considering variable flow and holiday control, which revealed the energy-saving advantages and flexibility of the building substation system. Secondly, the structure of the outdoor network in the building substation system is redesigned using the results of building simulation. Then, the total energy consumption of the group and building substation systems, including heating energy, pumping energy, and heat loss, is simulated and compared, considering the regulation of the water temperature. According to the operation data of the group substation system in the last two heating periods, the relative error of the simulated total energy was-6.8{\%}. Finally, the annual cost method is employed for the economic analysis, which shows the superiority of the building substation system with annual cost reductions ranging between 5.7 and 5.9{\%} for a lifetime range of 10-30 years.",
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    Energy-consumption and economic analysis of group and building substation systems : a case study of the reformation of the district heating system in China. / Wang, Peng (Corresponding Author); Sipilä, Kari.

    In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 87, No. Part 3, 2016, p. 1139-1147.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Sipilä, Kari

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    N2 - Group substations have dominated district heating (DH) systems in China so far. In order to explore the applicability of building substations to DH systems in China, the case study has been carried out in Ulanhot, by comprehensively comparing the energy consumptions and costs of group and building substation systems. Firstly, building simulation is used to help design the substations and DH networks, and analyze the operation considering variable flow and holiday control, which revealed the energy-saving advantages and flexibility of the building substation system. Secondly, the structure of the outdoor network in the building substation system is redesigned using the results of building simulation. Then, the total energy consumption of the group and building substation systems, including heating energy, pumping energy, and heat loss, is simulated and compared, considering the regulation of the water temperature. According to the operation data of the group substation system in the last two heating periods, the relative error of the simulated total energy was-6.8%. Finally, the annual cost method is employed for the economic analysis, which shows the superiority of the building substation system with annual cost reductions ranging between 5.7 and 5.9% for a lifetime range of 10-30 years.

    AB - Group substations have dominated district heating (DH) systems in China so far. In order to explore the applicability of building substations to DH systems in China, the case study has been carried out in Ulanhot, by comprehensively comparing the energy consumptions and costs of group and building substation systems. Firstly, building simulation is used to help design the substations and DH networks, and analyze the operation considering variable flow and holiday control, which revealed the energy-saving advantages and flexibility of the building substation system. Secondly, the structure of the outdoor network in the building substation system is redesigned using the results of building simulation. Then, the total energy consumption of the group and building substation systems, including heating energy, pumping energy, and heat loss, is simulated and compared, considering the regulation of the water temperature. According to the operation data of the group substation system in the last two heating periods, the relative error of the simulated total energy was-6.8%. Finally, the annual cost method is employed for the economic analysis, which shows the superiority of the building substation system with annual cost reductions ranging between 5.7 and 5.9% for a lifetime range of 10-30 years.

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