Energy efficiency of power-adaptive spatial diversity methods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy efficiency of power-adaptive multipleinput multiple-output (MIMO) diversity methods is studied in this paper. The considered diversity methods are antenna selection (AS), maximum ratio transmission (MRT), and equal gain transmission (EGT) at the transmitter and maximum ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. The transmitter energy efficiency is evaluated using the average power amplifier (PA) efficiency and the transceiver energy efficiency is evaluated using the bit error rate (BER) as a function of average PA input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which is a new metric. With the new metric, the effect of the PA efficiency is taken into account in the performance evaluation. The analytical results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that larger diversity in the spatial or frequency domain improves the average PA efficiency in a system with channel inversion. The BER results show that the performance improvement from channel inversion diminishes due to the nonideal PA efficiency. Even though MRT is the received SNR maximizing transmitter diversity method, EGT requires less PA input energy per bit when a PA with nonideal efficiency is used. These conclusions could not have been reached using the traditional SNR metrics that do not measure the PA input energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4246-4257
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Diversity Methods
Spatial Diversity
Power Amplifier
Power amplifiers
Energy Efficiency
Energy efficiency
Transmitter
Transmitters
Signal to noise ratio
Metric
Bit error rate
Error Rate
Inversion
Antenna Selection
Energy
Transceivers
Frequency Domain
Performance Evaluation
Receiver
Monte Carlo Simulation

Keywords

  • energy efficiency
  • MIMO diversity
  • power amplifier
  • power control

Cite this

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title = "Energy efficiency of power-adaptive spatial diversity methods",
abstract = "The energy efficiency of power-adaptive multipleinput multiple-output (MIMO) diversity methods is studied in this paper. The considered diversity methods are antenna selection (AS), maximum ratio transmission (MRT), and equal gain transmission (EGT) at the transmitter and maximum ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. The transmitter energy efficiency is evaluated using the average power amplifier (PA) efficiency and the transceiver energy efficiency is evaluated using the bit error rate (BER) as a function of average PA input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which is a new metric. With the new metric, the effect of the PA efficiency is taken into account in the performance evaluation. The analytical results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that larger diversity in the spatial or frequency domain improves the average PA efficiency in a system with channel inversion. The BER results show that the performance improvement from channel inversion diminishes due to the nonideal PA efficiency. Even though MRT is the received SNR maximizing transmitter diversity method, EGT requires less PA input energy per bit when a PA with nonideal efficiency is used. These conclusions could not have been reached using the traditional SNR metrics that do not measure the PA input energy.",
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author = "Olli Apilo and Mika Lasanen and Sandrine Boumard and Aarne M{\"a}mmel{\"a}",
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Energy efficiency of power-adaptive spatial diversity methods. / Apilo, Olli; Lasanen, Mika; Boumard, Sandrine; Mämmelä, Aarne.

In: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 12, No. 9, 2013, p. 4246-4257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Boumard, Sandrine

AU - Mämmelä, Aarne

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N2 - The energy efficiency of power-adaptive multipleinput multiple-output (MIMO) diversity methods is studied in this paper. The considered diversity methods are antenna selection (AS), maximum ratio transmission (MRT), and equal gain transmission (EGT) at the transmitter and maximum ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. The transmitter energy efficiency is evaluated using the average power amplifier (PA) efficiency and the transceiver energy efficiency is evaluated using the bit error rate (BER) as a function of average PA input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which is a new metric. With the new metric, the effect of the PA efficiency is taken into account in the performance evaluation. The analytical results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that larger diversity in the spatial or frequency domain improves the average PA efficiency in a system with channel inversion. The BER results show that the performance improvement from channel inversion diminishes due to the nonideal PA efficiency. Even though MRT is the received SNR maximizing transmitter diversity method, EGT requires less PA input energy per bit when a PA with nonideal efficiency is used. These conclusions could not have been reached using the traditional SNR metrics that do not measure the PA input energy.

AB - The energy efficiency of power-adaptive multipleinput multiple-output (MIMO) diversity methods is studied in this paper. The considered diversity methods are antenna selection (AS), maximum ratio transmission (MRT), and equal gain transmission (EGT) at the transmitter and maximum ratio combining (MRC) at the receiver. The transmitter energy efficiency is evaluated using the average power amplifier (PA) efficiency and the transceiver energy efficiency is evaluated using the bit error rate (BER) as a function of average PA input signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which is a new metric. With the new metric, the effect of the PA efficiency is taken into account in the performance evaluation. The analytical results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations. It is shown that larger diversity in the spatial or frequency domain improves the average PA efficiency in a system with channel inversion. The BER results show that the performance improvement from channel inversion diminishes due to the nonideal PA efficiency. Even though MRT is the received SNR maximizing transmitter diversity method, EGT requires less PA input energy per bit when a PA with nonideal efficiency is used. These conclusions could not have been reached using the traditional SNR metrics that do not measure the PA input energy.

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