Engineering and integration risks arising from advanced magnetic divertor configurations

R. Kembleton (Corresponding Author), G. Federici, R. Ambrosino, F. Maviglia, M. Siccinio, H. Reimerdes, S. Ha, S. Merriman, C. Bachmann, M. Suiko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The divertor configuration defines the power exhaust capabilities of DEMO as one of the major key design parameters and sets a number of requirements on the tokamak layout, including port sizes, poloidal field coil positions, and size of toroidal field coils. It also requires a corresponding configuration of plasma-facing components (PFCs) and a remote handling scheme to be able to handle the cassettes and associated in-vessel components (IVC) the configuration requires. There is a risk that the baseline ITER-like single-null (SN) divertor configuration cannot meet the PFC technology limits regarding power exhaust and first wall protection while achieving the target plasma performance requirements of DEMO or a future fusion power plant. Alternative magnetic configurations – double-null, snowflake, X-, and super-X – exist and potentially offer solutions to these risks and a route to achievable power handling in DEMO. But these options impose significant changes on machine architecture, increase the machine complexity and affect remote handling and plasma physics and so an integrated approach must be taken to assessing the feasibility of these options. In this paper we describe the work programme to assess the requirements for incorporating these configurations into DEMO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2281-2284
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue numberPart B
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014–2018 under grant agreement No. 633053 . The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.


  • DEMO
  • Fusion power plant
  • System modelling
  • Systems studies
  • Technology choices
  • EUROfusion


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