Enhancing learning as theoretical thinking in robotic surgery

Laura Seppänen, Marika Schaupp, Mikael Wahlström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Professionals in many domains need to deal with increasingly complex, technologymediated and uncertain work. Thus ways of learning that continuously and flexibly create new knowledge are needed at work. The aim of this article is to describe the logic of theoretical-genetic generalisation, and to use this, in addition to other methodological resources from pragmatism and cultural-historical psychology, for developing a learning method for robotic surgery. In theoretical generalisation, or theoretical thinking, the learner orientates him-/herself in two directions: towards producing general, abstract understanding of dynamic interrelations within a phenomenon, and towards
flexibly tailoring good solutions for each particular situation. Based on our ongoing study of robotic surgery, we sketch three different designs for learning which are all based on video-supported joint reflection of real robotic surgical operations. We outline the necessary principles and steps of the method in this context, and finally, discuss the potential of the outlined method for learning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-103
JournalNordYrk: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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surgery
learning
pragmatism
learning method
psychology
video
resources
knowledge

Keywords

  • activity theory
  • robotic surgery
  • developmental instruction
  • theoretical-genetic generalisation
  • professional learning

Cite this

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title = "Enhancing learning as theoretical thinking in robotic surgery",
abstract = "Professionals in many domains need to deal with increasingly complex, technologymediated and uncertain work. Thus ways of learning that continuously and flexibly create new knowledge are needed at work. The aim of this article is to describe the logic of theoretical-genetic generalisation, and to use this, in addition to other methodological resources from pragmatism and cultural-historical psychology, for developing a learning method for robotic surgery. In theoretical generalisation, or theoretical thinking, the learner orientates him-/herself in two directions: towards producing general, abstract understanding of dynamic interrelations within a phenomenon, and towardsflexibly tailoring good solutions for each particular situation. Based on our ongoing study of robotic surgery, we sketch three different designs for learning which are all based on video-supported joint reflection of real robotic surgical operations. We outline the necessary principles and steps of the method in this context, and finally, discuss the potential of the outlined method for learning.",
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Enhancing learning as theoretical thinking in robotic surgery. / Seppänen, Laura; Schaupp, Marika; Wahlström, Mikael.

In: NordYrk: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2017, p. 84-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Wahlström, Mikael

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