ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems

Krzysztof Klobut, Jari Shemeikka, Pekka Tuomaala, Kari Sipilä, Jorma Heikkinen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    Abstract

    The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationIntelligent Products and Systems
    Subtitle of host publicationTechnology theme - Final report
    EditorsOlli Ventä
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Chapter3.1
    Pages106 - 151
    ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7010-2
    ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7009-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Publications
    Volume635
    ISSN1235-0621

    Fingerprint

    District heating
    Simulators
    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
    Supply chains
    Industry
    Power plants
    Heating
    Hot Temperature

    Cite this

    Klobut, K., Shemeikka, J., Tuomaala, P., Sipilä, K., & Heikkinen, J. (2007). ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. In O. Ventä (Ed.), Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report (pp. 106 - 151). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, Vol.. 635
    Klobut, Krzysztof ; Shemeikka, Jari ; Tuomaala, Pekka ; Sipilä, Kari ; Heikkinen, Jorma. / ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. editor / Olli Ventä. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. pp. 106 - 151 (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).
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    abstract = "The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.",
    author = "Krzysztof Klobut and Jari Shemeikka and Pekka Tuomaala and Kari Sipil{\"a} and Jorma Heikkinen",
    year = "2007",
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    series = "VTT Publications",
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    Klobut, K, Shemeikka, J, Tuomaala, P, Sipilä, K & Heikkinen, J 2007, ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. in O Ventä (ed.), Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Publications, vol. 635, pp. 106 - 151.

    ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. / Klobut, Krzysztof; Shemeikka, Jari; Tuomaala, Pekka; Sipilä, Kari; Heikkinen, Jorma.

    Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. ed. / Olli Ventä. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. p. 106 - 151 (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems

    AU - Klobut, Krzysztof

    AU - Shemeikka, Jari

    AU - Tuomaala, Pekka

    AU - Sipilä, Kari

    AU - Heikkinen, Jorma

    PY - 2007

    Y1 - 2007

    N2 - The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.

    AB - The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.

    M3 - Chapter or book article

    SN - 978-951-38-7009-6

    T3 - VTT Publications

    SP - 106

    EP - 151

    BT - Intelligent Products and Systems

    A2 - Ventä, Olli

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Klobut K, Shemeikka J, Tuomaala P, Sipilä K, Heikkinen J. ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. In Ventä O, editor, Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2007. p. 106 - 151. (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).