ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems

Krzysztof Klobut, Jari Shemeikka, Pekka Tuomaala, Kari Sipilä, Jorma Heikkinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

Abstract

The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Products and Systems
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology theme - Final report
EditorsOlli Ventä
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Chapter3.1
Pages106 - 151
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-38-7010-2
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-7009-6
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeD2 Article in professional manuals or guides or professional information systems or text book material

Publication series

NameVTT Publications
PublisherVTT
Volume635
ISSN (Print)1235-0621
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0849

Fingerprint

District heating
Simulators
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Supply chains
Industry
Power plants
Heating
Hot Temperature

Cite this

Klobut, K., Shemeikka, J., Tuomaala, P., Sipilä, K., & Heikkinen, J. (2007). ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. In O. Ventä (Ed.), Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report (pp. 106 - 151). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, Vol.. 635
Klobut, Krzysztof ; Shemeikka, Jari ; Tuomaala, Pekka ; Sipilä, Kari ; Heikkinen, Jorma. / ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. editor / Olli Ventä. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. pp. 106 - 151 (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).
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Klobut, K, Shemeikka, J, Tuomaala, P, Sipilä, K & Heikkinen, J 2007, ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. in O Ventä (ed.), Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Publications, vol. 635, pp. 106 - 151.

ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. / Klobut, Krzysztof; Shemeikka, Jari; Tuomaala, Pekka; Sipilä, Kari; Heikkinen, Jorma.

Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. ed. / Olli Ventä. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2007. p. 106 - 151 (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter or book articleProfessional

TY - CHAP

T1 - ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems

AU - Klobut, Krzysztof

AU - Shemeikka, Jari

AU - Tuomaala, Pekka

AU - Sipilä, Kari

AU - Heikkinen, Jorma

PY - 2007

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N2 - The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.

AB - The basic idea of a distributed simulation environment has been presented and elaborated in a new context, in which building energy simulators and district heating network simulator are hydraulically and thermally linked from the power plant via the district heating network to the internal room conditions in buildings. The models and software employed in this task were either developed originally or reshaped and adapted within the frames of this project. An economical evaluation tool was developed and analysis was carried out considering different heating systems operated in a group of houses connected to a district heating network. Heat trading was evaluated as a new business concept, which assumes that small scale producers are allowed to connect the network, and it was found technologically feasible. However, a transition from the current monopolistic business environment to a new and liberated heat market is a prerequisite. A model for a selected distributed co generation technology, solid oxide fuel cell system, has been created and integrated with building simulation software. The ICT-architecture was defined to assure the stability of the distributed simulation environment. Considerable effort was spent to sustain a generic approach when defining the requirements. The main delivery of the project is an alpha-prototype of a software tool capable of performing the challenging task of simulating operation of the whole energy supply chain simultaneously. As far as we are aware, this has not been achieved anywhere else. Limited results obtained so far confirm the applicability of the approach. Test cases demonstrated that the convergence control is the critical part of the architecture.

M3 - Chapter or book article

SN - 978-951-38-7009-6

T3 - VTT Publications

SP - 106

EP - 151

BT - Intelligent Products and Systems

A2 - Ventä, Olli

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Klobut K, Shemeikka J, Tuomaala P, Sipilä K, Heikkinen J. ENTRY - Management of Distributed Energy Systems. In Ventä O, editor, Intelligent Products and Systems: Technology theme - Final report. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2007. p. 106 - 151. (VTT Publications, Vol. 635).