Environment-assisted tunneling as an origin of the dynes density of states

J.P. Pekola, V.F. Maisi, S. Kafanov, N. Chekurov, A. Kemppinen, Y.A. Pashkin, O-P. Saira, M. Möttönen, J.S. Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


We show that the effect of a high-temperature environment in current transport through a normal metal–insulator–superconductor tunnel junction can be described by an effective density of states in the superconductor. In the limit of a resistive low-Ohmic environment, this density of states reduces into the well-known Dynes form. Our theoretical result is supported by experiments in engineered environments. We apply our findings to improve the performance of a single-electron turnstile, a potential candidate for a metrological current source.
Original languageEnglish
Article number026803
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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