Mining and metals processing are not invisible activities and are heavy industries, which require energy, water, chemicals, and land area. Recently more emphasis is given to environmental and societal aspects in mining and processing. Development of good practices with improved resource efficiency, new recovery methods and sustainability thinking are increasingly required. This work shows pH titration method for acid mine drainage (AMD) water incorporated with aqueous thermodynamic model for selective metals precipitation from complex solution. Also two examples on gold recovery methods from aqueous streams are shown: biosorption using fungal matter and solvent extraction using a task-specific ionic liquid. By understanding chemical thermodynamics and natural phenomena, there is a better chance of developing solutions for environmental problems and new industrial processes.
- acid mine drai nage
Salminen, J., Blomberg, P., Mäkinen, J., & Räsänen, L. (2015). Environmental aspects of metals removal from waters and gold recovery. AIChE Journal, 61(9), 2739-2748. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.14917