This ETC/WMGE report provides an analysis of environmental risks and impacts related to the critical raw materials (CRMs) in the following applications: magnets, batteries, alloys, mineral fertilizers and electronics. The report also presents an overview of CRMs and their potential substitution solutions in these applications. In addition, it examines the economic importance and future aspects related to the use of CRMs in these applications.
|Publisher||European Topic Centre Waste and Materials in a Green Economy|
|Number of pages||114|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Dec 2020|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|