Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) aspects of cellulose nanomaterials (CN) and CN-based products

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper considers the EHS aspects of cellulose nanomaterials by reviewing the published literature, considering two case studies on toxicity testing of CNFs and summarizing the progress in legislation in the field. Generally, the published results have revealed no immediate safety threats, but indications of dose-dependent toxicity and inflammatory effects have been found. Surface chemical properties and raw material source seem to have an influence on the toxicological behavior. Currently there are no specific regulations for nanomaterials, and thus their safety should be assessed as that of the corresponding bulk materials, i.e. the existing chemicals legislation and regulations based on its intended use. In addition, there are several European, national and international initiatives for developing and implementing nanomaterial-specific regulations in order to ensure their safe manufacturing and use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-190
JournalNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

nanomaterials
Nanostructured materials
Cellulose
cellulose
Health
safety
laws and regulations
Toxicity
legislation
toxicity
toxicity testing
Chemical properties
raw materials
chemical property
Raw materials
manufacturing
physicochemical properties
case studies
Testing
dosage

Keywords

  • cellulose nanomaterials (CNs)
  • safety
  • human health
  • occupational exposure
  • environment
  • legislation

Cite this

@article{fdfd9092a8ae4d9fa562d26497622943,
title = "Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) aspects of cellulose nanomaterials (CN) and CN-based products",
abstract = "This paper considers the EHS aspects of cellulose nanomaterials by reviewing the published literature, considering two case studies on toxicity testing of CNFs and summarizing the progress in legislation in the field. Generally, the published results have revealed no immediate safety threats, but indications of dose-dependent toxicity and inflammatory effects have been found. Surface chemical properties and raw material source seem to have an influence on the toxicological behavior. Currently there are no specific regulations for nanomaterials, and thus their safety should be assessed as that of the corresponding bulk materials, i.e. the existing chemicals legislation and regulations based on its intended use. In addition, there are several European, national and international initiatives for developing and implementing nanomaterial-specific regulations in order to ensure their safe manufacturing and use.",
keywords = "cellulose nanomaterials (CNs), safety, human health, occupational exposure, environment, legislation",
author = "Heli Kangas and Marja Pitk{\"a}nen",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3183/NPPRJ-2016-31-02-p179-190",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "179--190",
journal = "Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal",
issn = "0283-2631",
publisher = "De Gruyter",
number = "2",

}

Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) aspects of cellulose nanomaterials (CN) and CN-based products. / Kangas, Heli; Pitkänen, Marja.

In: Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2016, p. 179-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) aspects of cellulose nanomaterials (CN) and CN-based products

AU - Kangas, Heli

AU - Pitkänen, Marja

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This paper considers the EHS aspects of cellulose nanomaterials by reviewing the published literature, considering two case studies on toxicity testing of CNFs and summarizing the progress in legislation in the field. Generally, the published results have revealed no immediate safety threats, but indications of dose-dependent toxicity and inflammatory effects have been found. Surface chemical properties and raw material source seem to have an influence on the toxicological behavior. Currently there are no specific regulations for nanomaterials, and thus their safety should be assessed as that of the corresponding bulk materials, i.e. the existing chemicals legislation and regulations based on its intended use. In addition, there are several European, national and international initiatives for developing and implementing nanomaterial-specific regulations in order to ensure their safe manufacturing and use.

AB - This paper considers the EHS aspects of cellulose nanomaterials by reviewing the published literature, considering two case studies on toxicity testing of CNFs and summarizing the progress in legislation in the field. Generally, the published results have revealed no immediate safety threats, but indications of dose-dependent toxicity and inflammatory effects have been found. Surface chemical properties and raw material source seem to have an influence on the toxicological behavior. Currently there are no specific regulations for nanomaterials, and thus their safety should be assessed as that of the corresponding bulk materials, i.e. the existing chemicals legislation and regulations based on its intended use. In addition, there are several European, national and international initiatives for developing and implementing nanomaterial-specific regulations in order to ensure their safe manufacturing and use.

KW - cellulose nanomaterials (CNs)

KW - safety

KW - human health

KW - occupational exposure

KW - environment

KW - legislation

U2 - 10.3183/NPPRJ-2016-31-02-p179-190

DO - 10.3183/NPPRJ-2016-31-02-p179-190

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 179

EP - 190

JO - Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

JF - Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

SN - 0283-2631

IS - 2

ER -